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Micropogonias furnieri:   (click for more)

Micropogonias furnieri:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Umbrina furnieri  Desmarest, 1823: 182 (original description).
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  • Sciaena opercularis  Quoy & Gaimard, 1825: 347.
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  • Micropogon lineatus  Cuvier, 1830: 215.
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  • Micropogon argenteus  Cuvier, 1830: 218.
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  • Ophioscion woodwardi  Fowler, 1937: 311.
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  • Micropogon furnieri  Inada, 1986
    FAO Names
    En - Whitemouth croaker, Fr - Tambour rayé, Sp - Corvinón rayado.
    3Alpha Code: CKM     Taxonomic Code: 1703703802
    Diagnostic Features
    Body slightly elongate moderately compressed. Mouth inferior, nearly horizontal; teeth villiform, forming bands in both jaws, outer row in upper jaw slightly enlarged. Chin with 3 to 5 pairs of small barbels along inner edge of lower jaw; snout with 7 to 8 pores. Preopercular margin serrated, with 3 to 5 spines at angle;  22 to 29 gillrakers short and tough on first gill arch.  Scales ctenoid on body and top of head; cycloid on snout, cheek and opercle; 6 or 7 scales between dorsal fin origin and lateral line in vertical series. Lateral line with 50-54 scales, extending posterior margin of caudal fin.  Dorsal fin with a deep notch, 10 spines and I + 27-30; a short spine anterior to second dorsal fin. Anal fin with 2 spines and 7-9. Pectoral fin with 18-19. Caudal margin slightly convex.  Colour silvery with a golden cast, back greyish, with distinct oblique dark streaks along scale rows extending to much below lateral line; spinal portion of dorsal fin without small dark dots. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Western Atlantic Ocean; most of the Antilles and along the southern Caribbean coast and the Atlantic coast of South America from Costa Rica to Argentina.
    Habitat and Biology
    Found usually over muddy and sandy bottomsin coastal waters to about 60 m depths, and estuaries where the nursery and feeding grounds are locate.Forms schools.Feeding habits vary with ontogenic development and season; juveniles feed on benthic migratory crustaceans and sessile boring molluscs while adults are benthos-feeders and ocasionally capture fish.Undergoes seasonal migration.
    Size
    Attains 62 cm; common to 45 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    An important foodfish which is usually marketed fresh and salted. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1996 was 78 698 t. The countries with the largest catches were Uruguay (25 745 t) and Argentina (23 514 t).Caught with bottom trawls, set nets, beach seines and on line gear.
    Local Names
    English : Whitemouth croaker .
    French : Acoupa cheval .
    Japanese : Semaru-nibe .
    Portuguese : Cascuda ,  Cascote ,  Corvina ,  Corvina de linha ,  Corvinota ,  Corvina marisqueira ,  Marisqueira .
    Spanish : Corvina ,  Corvinata ,  Corvina blanca ,  Corvina rubia ,  Curbina ,  Curvina ,  Curvinata Roncadera .
    Bibliography
    Catalog On Line. Chao, L.N. - 1978A basis for classifying western Atlantic Sciaenidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS Circular 415: i-v + 1-64. Fishbase: ICLARM .
    Inada, T. - 1986 Sciaenidae. In: Nakamura; T. Inada; M. Takeda; H. Hatanaka (eds.). Important Fishes trawled off Patagonia. Japan mar. Fish. Resource Res. Center: 220-221.
    Menni, R.C., R.A. Ringuelet & R.H. Aramburu. - 1984 Peces Marinos de la Argentina y Uruguay. Catálogo crítico ilustrado. Claves para la determinación de familias, géneros y especies. Nombres vulgares. Glosario. Ed. Hemisferio Sur S.A. Buenos Aires.: 358 pp.
     
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