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Larimichthys polyactis:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Pseudosciaena polyactis  Bleeker, 1877: 2 (original description).
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  • Larimichthys rathbunae  Jordan & Starks, 1905: 204.
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  • Sciaena manchurica  Jordan & Thompson, 1911: 255.
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  • Sciaena ogiwara  Nichols, 1913: 180.
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  • Othonias brevirostris  Wang, 1935: 452.
    FAO Names
    En - Yellow croaker, Fr - , Sp - Verrugato de Manchuria.
    3Alpha Code: CRY     Taxonomic Code: 1703730305
    Diagnostic Features
    Body elongate, compressed. Mouth large, maxillary extending to below posterior margin of eye. Lower jaw little protruding beyond uppern jaw;  teeth in a single row on lower jaw; posterior margin of preoperculum with dermal serration.  Lateral line with 53 to 59 scales.  Dorsal fin with 10 spines and 31-37 soft rays. Anal fin with 2 spines and 9-10 soft rays; second anal espine shorter than eye.  Colour body orange-yellow. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Northwest Pacific Ocean; Chefoo, Port Arthur, Manchuria, Sanghai, Shantung Prov., China; coast of Korea and Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi, Honsu, Japan.
    Habitat and Biology
    Benthopelagic. Inhabits coastal waters and estuaries
    Size
    Attains about 42 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Caught with bottom trawls, longlines and handlines. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 323 564 t. The countries with the largest catches were China (308 907 t) and Tanzania, United Rep. of (13 490 t).
    Marketed fresh; also dried-salted. Used in Chinese medicine.
    Local Names
    English : Croaker ,  Little yellow croaker ,  Yellow croaker ,  Yellowfish .
    French : Courbine jaune .
    Japanese : Kiguchi .
    Portuguese : Roncadeira-amarela-menor ,  Roncadeira da Manchuria .
    Spanish : Corvina Japonesa .
    Bibliography
    Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org
    Okamura, O. - 1984 Sciaenidae. In: H. Masuda; K. Amaoka; C. Araga; T. Uyeno; T. Yoshino (eds.). The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokai. Univ. Press. 161-163. Species 2000 Dynamic (Checklist Query).
    Vera, J. - 1992Diccionario multilingüe de especies marinas para el mundo hispano. Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación. Secretaria General Técnica. 1282 pp.
     
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