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Pagellus bellottii bellottii:   (click for more)

Pagellus bellottii bellottii:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Dentex cuninghamii  Regan, 1905: Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (7) 15: 325 (Angola). Type: BMNH.
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  • Pagellus erythrinus  non Linnaeus, 1758: Fowler, 1936, partim: 830.
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  • Pagellus sp. aff. erythrinus  Cadenat, 1953, 1953: 1084.
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  • Pagellus coupei  Dieuzeide, 1960. Bull. St. Aquic. Pêche Castiglione, 10: 120, fig. 1-6 (Morocco, Algeria). Type: no information.
    FAO Names
    En - Red pandora, Fr - Pageot à tache rouge, Sp - Breca chata.
    3Alpha Code: PAR     Taxonomic Code: 1703900807
    Scientific Name with Original Description
    Pagellus bellottii  Steindachner, 1882. Denckschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien : 45 (1): 5, pl. 3 (fig. 1). Type: no information.
    Diagnostic Features
    Body oblong and compressed. Head profile slightly, but regularly convex, becoming steeper from the nape downward in adults. A sort of median crest sometimes present on nape.  Scales on top of head reaching forward to or beyond a line passing through anterior eye margins. Cheeks scaly, preopercle scaleless.  Mouth low, small, slightly oblique.  Both jaws with pointed teeth anteriorly and molar-like ones posteriorly. An inner band of numerous slightly smaller, cardiform teeth behind the outer row of pointed teeth. Molars arranged in 2 rows.  Gillrakers on first arch 9 or 10 lower and 5 or 6 upper.  Dorsal fin with 12 spines and 11 or 12 soft rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 10 soft rays. Base of anal fin longer than distance from snout to posterior eye margin.  Scales along lateral line 54 to 60.  Colour more less bright red with silvery reflections; often blue spots following scale rows on sides; interorbital space darker; a small, dark red spot at origin of lateral line and along upper margin of opercle; base of pectoral fin darker; fins pinkish yellow (in many specimens from the Gulf of Guinea) or greyish. Caudal fin often margined with red or orange; inside of mouth whitish. The red vertical bars described by authors may correspond to a fright pattern. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Southwestern Mediterranean (Spain, Morocco, Algeria). Atlantic from Gibraltar to Angola including Canary Islands.
    Habitat and Biology
    Benthopelagic (demersal behaviour).Inshore waters, on hard or sandy bottoms to 250 m (more common to 120 m).Gregarious.Spawning migrations to the coast.Omnivorous, with a predominantly carnivorous diet (benthic invertebrates, cephalopods, small fish, amphioxus and worms).
    Intermittent spawning occurs from the second year onwards between May and November according to the latitude; hermaphroditic protogynous (the majority of individuals are first females, then become males); maturity at 1-4 years; fecundity 60200 - 406800 ovocites (16-35 cm). 
    Size
    Maximum 42 cm; common to 25 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Together with Dentex macrophthalmus, this is the most abundant sparid species on the West African coast. The main fishery is south of 26° N. The catch reported for this species is rather important; in 1977 it totalled 18 650 t, of which 7 510 were taken by countries along West Africa (Ghana, 7 250 and Angola, 260 t), and 11 140 t by non-African countries operating offshore fishing fleets in the area (USSR, 10 780 t and Portugal, 360 t). Caught with bottom trawls, on line gear and in traps (Canary Islands).
    Flesh estemeed. Marketed fresh, smoked or frozen. Also used for fishmeal and oil.
    Local Names
    ANGOLA : Bica ,  Buço ,  Tico-tico .
    FRANCE : Pageot á tache rouge .
    GERMANY : Bellots rotbrasse .
    GHANA : Sikasikavi ,  Wiriwiriwa ,  Yiyiwa .
    MAURITANIA : Alhot Lachmar ,  Aligote ,  Fausse daurade ,  Pageau ,  Pageot ,  Tiki .
    PORTUGAL : Breca colorada ,  Bica-buço ,  Buço ,  Ferreiro ,  Malagueta ,  Tico-tico .
    SPAIN : Breca chata ,  Garapello ,  Pagell de taxa roja ,  Pandora .
    UNITED KINGDOM : Red pandora .
    Bibliography
    Bauchot, M.-L - 1987. Sparidae In: W. Fischer and M.-L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds). Fiches FAO d'Identification des espèces pour les besoins de la pêche (Révison 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. .  Vol. II. Vértebrés: 761-1530 ..
    Bauchot, M.-L., , Hureau, J.-C., & J.C. Miquel. - 1981. Sparidae In: W. Fischer, G. Bianchi and W.Scott (eds). FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Central Atlantic; fishing areas 34, 47 (in part). Canada Funds-in-Trust. Ottawa, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, by arrangement with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. .  Vol. IV : pag. var..
    Bauchot, M.-L., & J.-C. Hureau - 1986. Sparidae In: P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (FNAM). Unesco, Paris. .  Vol. II: 883-907..
    Bauchot, M.-L. & J.-C. Hureau - 1990. Sparidae In: J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds). Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT-Portugal, SEI-France, Unesco. .  Vol. II: 790-812..
    Cadenat, J. - 1953. Notes d'ichthyologie ouest-africaine. VI. Poissons des campagnes du 'Gérard Treca'. Bull. Inst. Fr. Afr. Noire, Dakar. .  15 (3): 1051-1102, fig. 1-43..
    Dieuzeide, R. - 1960. A propos d'un Pagellus nouveau pour la Méditerranée: Pagellus coupei n. sp. Bull. Trav. Publ. Sta. Aquic. Peche Castiglione (N. S.). .  10 [1958-1959]: 109-123..
    Fowler, H. W. - 1936. The Marine Fishes of West Africa, based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition 1909-15. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. .  70 (2), Nov. 18: 607-1493..
    Lucena J., R. Abad & L. García. - 1982. Primera cita en el Mediterráneo español de Pagellus coupei Dieuzeide, 1960. Investigacion Pesquera. .  46(1): 51-54..
    Regan, C. T. - 1905. Description of a new fish of the genus Dentex from the coast of Angola. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. .  7 (15): 325..
    Tortonese, E. - 1973. SparidaeIn: J.-C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds). Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Unesco, Paris. .  Vol. I: 405-415..
     
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