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Dentex gibbosus:   (click for more)

Dentex gibbosus:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Dentex filamentosus  non Valenciennes, 1830: Valenciennes, 1841, pl. 6.
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  • Dentex filosus  Valenciennes, 1843in Webb and Berthelot, Hist. nat. Canaries 2: 37 (Canary Islands). Paratypes: MNHN A7749.
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  • Cheimerius filesus  Akazaki, 1974partim: 173, fig. (misspelling).
    FAO Names
    En - Pink dentex, Fr - Gros denté rose, Sp - Sama de pluma.
    3Alpha Code: DEP     Taxonomic Code: 1703906001
    Scientific Name with Original Description
    Sparus gibbosus  Rafinesque, 1810. Caratt. Gen, Sp. Sicil.: 47 (Sicily). 1810. No type material.
    Diagnostic Features
    Body oval, more or less elongate, compressed. Head profile regularly convex in the young, but older individuals develop a conspicuous hump on front; eye diameter about equal to width of suborbital space.
      Cheeks scaly; sometimes also small scales present on entire height of preopercle.  Mouth low, slightly oblique; jaws subequal.
      Several rows of canine-like teeth, outer row much the strongest with 4 to 6 better developed anterior teeth in each jaw.
      Gillrakers on first arch 8 to 10 lower and 6 to 8 upper.  Dorsal fin with 12 spines and 10 or 11 soft rays; first two dorsal spines very short; those following very long and filamentous in young individuals and decreasing in length from the third backward. Anal fin with 3 spines and 7 to 9 soft rays; first soft ray of pelvic fins filamentous.
      Scales along lateral line 52 to 62.
      Colour reddish with bluish silvery reflections; belly ligther and head darker. A small black spot behind posterior end of dorsal fin; a brownish black spot at pectoral fin axils; a dark area at upper angle of opercle; 1 or 2 dark lines on soft part of dorsal fin. Caudal fin red, edged with black. Large individuals are often tinged wine red and spotted with black on head (males) or greyish (females). 
    Geographical Distribution
    Mediterranean, Adriatic, eastern Atlantic from Portugal to Angola.
    related Launch the Aquatic Species Distribution map viewer
    Habitat and Biology
    Benthopelagic (demersal behaviour).On the shelf on hard bottoms (rock or rubble) as well as on sand around rocks, from 20 to about 220 m depth. The young are found close to the shore, while the adults occur in offshore waters in the vecinity of the continental slope.

    Protandric hermaphrodite (the majority are males up to 50 cm length, becoming females thereafter).
      Carnivorous feeding chiefly on crustaceans, fish and cephalopods.
    Size
    Maximum 111 cm; common to 60 cm
    Interest to Fisheries
    Separate statistics are not reported for this species. Caught with line gear (adults), bottom trawls and traps (young on the Canary Islands).
    Flesh highly esteemed. Marketed fresh, frozen or dried salted; also used for fishmeal and oil.
    Local Names
    GERMANY : Dickkopf-zahnbrasse .
    GHANA : Tsile .
    GUINEA : Sinapa .
    GUINEA BISSAU : Sinapa .
    ITALY : Dentice corazziere .
    LEBANON : Sqaymis .
    PAPUA NEW GUINEA : Sinapa .
    POLAND : Kielec garbacz .
    PORTUGAL : Bandeireiro ,  Bentelha ,  Capatão-de-bandeira ,  Pargo ,  Sama .
    SENEGAL : Baase ,  Denté à long fil ,  Jánqarfet ,  Jarên ,  Jaren ,  Jaron ,  Ngor ,  Sel sel .
    SPAIN : Corcovada ,  Dentón ,  Sama de pluma .
    UNITED KINGDOM : Pink dentex .
    ALBANIA : Ballori ,  Capatão ,  Capatão-de-bandeira .
    ANGOLA : Bandereiro ,  Mariana ,  Pargo ,  Pargo-bico ,  Pargo-boi ,  Pargo-capatão ,  Pargo-de-bandeira .
    BENIN : Sika-sika .
    FRANCE : Denté bossu ,  Gros denté rose .
    Remarks
    Cheimerius Smith, 1938 (subgenus). Trans. R. Soc. S. Afr. 26: 292 (type: Cheimerius nufar Valenciennes, 1830, by monotypy). Dentex filamentosus Valenciennes, 1830 is Nemipterus filamentosus
    Bibliography
    Akazaki, M. - 1974. In: T. Tomiyama, Fisheries in Japan. Sea bream. Tokyo, 181 p., num. col. Phot.
    Bauchot, M.-L., J.-C. Hureau & J.C. Miquel - 1981. Sparidae In: W. Fischer, G. Bianchi and W.Scott (eds). FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Central Atlantic; fishing areas 34, 47 (in part). Canada Funds-in-Trust. Ottawa, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, by arrangement with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, vol. IV : pag. Var.
    Bauchot, M.-L. & J.-C. Hureau - 1986. Sparidae. In: P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (FNAM). Unesco, Paris. Vol. II: 883-907.
    Bauchot, M.-L. & J.-C. Hureau - 1990. Sparidae In: J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha. Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT-Portugal, SEI-France, Unesco. Vol. II: 790-812.
    Rafinesque-Schmaltz, C.S - 1810. Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali (principalmente di pesci) e piante della Sicilia, con varie osservazioni sopra i medisimi. Palermo, 105 p., 20 pl. (Reprint, 1967, Asher-Amsterdam.).
    Smith, J. L. B. - 1938. The South African fishes of the families Sparidae and Denticidae. Trans. R. Soc. S. Africa v. 26 (pt 3): 225-305, Pls. 18-29.
    Tortonese, E. - 1973. Sparidae. In: J.-C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds). Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Unesco, Paris, vol. I: 405-415.
    Valenciennes, A. - 1830. Historie naturelle des poissons. In: G. Cuvier and A. Valenciennes. Historie naturelle des poissons. Tome Sixième. Livre sixième. Partie I. Des Sparoïdes: 1-425. in Strasbourg ed.
    Valenciennes, A. - 1841. Ichthyologie des îles Canaries, ou histoire naturelle des poissons rapportés par MM. Webb et Berthelot. In: P.B. Webb et S. Berthelot, Histoire naturelle des Iles Canaries, Paris 2 (2): pl. 6.
    Valenciennes, A. - 1843. Ichthyologie des íles Canaries, ou histoire naturelle des poissons rapportés par MM. Webb et Berthelot. In: P.B. Webb et S. Berthelot, Histoire naturelle des Iles Canaries, Paris 2 (2): 9-96. pl. 20-23.
     
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