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Aphanopus carbo:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Aphanopus minor  Collett, 1887
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  • Aphanopus schmidti  Saemundsson, 1907
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  • Aphanopus acus  Maul, 1948
    FAO Names
    En - Black scabbardfish, Fr - Sabre noir, Sp - Sable negro.
    3Alpha Code: BSF     Taxonomic Code: 1750601201
    Diagnostic Features
    Body depth 10.8 to 13.4 times in standard length; anus situated below the last 3 dorsal-fin spines; distance from snout to anus 1.7 to 1.8 times in standard length. Head length 4.7 to 5.2 times in standard length; snout length 2.3 to 2.5 times in head length; eye diameter 4.9 to 5.8 times in head length; interorbital width 1.1 to 1.4 times in eye diameter; maxillary length 2.1 to 2.2 times in head length.  Dorsal fin with XXXVIII to XL (rarely XL1) spines, and 52 to 56 soft rays (total 90 to 96 fin elements); anal fin with II spines, situated below second to fifth dorsal-fin soft ray, and 44 to 48 (rarely 43) soft rays.  Vertebrae total 97 to 100, including 40 to 44 precaudal and 55 to 60 caudal. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    On both sides and at underwater rises of North Atlantic from Denmark Strait to about 30°N.
    Habitat and Biology
    Benthopelagicfrom 200 to 1 600 m, juveniles mesopelagic.Migrates to midwater at night andfeeds on crustaceans, cephalopods and fishes (mostly macrourids, morids and alepocephalids).Matures at 80 to 85 cm.
    Spawns west of the British Isles from November to April at depths from 700 to 900 m. 
    Size
    Maximum 110 cm standard length.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Commercial catch reported entirely from Portugal with total annual landings (probably including A. intermedius off Madeira) from 4 613 to 6 865 t (1985 to 1990) (FAO, 1992), including up to 1 000 t which is caught off Madeira with a specialized commercial deep water longline (Maul, 1950). Appears as bycatch in the trawl fishery west of the British Isles, along the Middle-Atlantic Ridge and at Corner Rise. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 9 642 t. The countries with the largest catches were Portugal (7 181 t) and France (2 077 t).
    Local Names
    FRANCE : Ophanope carbon ,  Sabre noir .
    GERMANY : Schwarzer Degenfisch .
    JAPAN : Kurotachi-modoki .
    PORTUGAL : Espada preta (incl. Madeira) .
    RUSSIA : Ugoinaya ryba-sablya .
    SPAIN : Sable negro .
    UK : Black scabbard fish .
    USA : Black scabbard fish .
    Source of Information
    SNAKE MACKERELS AND CUTTLASSFISHES OF THE WORLD - (Families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae) An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of the Snake Mackerels, Snoeks, Escolars, Gemfishes, Sackfishes, Domine, Oilfish, Cutlassfishes, Scabbardfishes, Hairtails, and Frostfishes Known to DateI. Nakamura N.V. Parin 1993.  FAO Fisheries Synopsis No.125, Vol. 15. 1993. 136 p., 200 figs.
    Bibliography
    Kukuev, 1982, in part
    Nakamura, 1984b
    Parin, 1983 - 1986
    Templeman & Squires, 1963, in part
    Tucker, 1950
    Tucker & Palmer, 1949
    Wheeler, 1969
    Zilanov & Shepel, 1975
     
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