| ||Aphanopus minor Collett, 1887|
| ||Aphanopus schmidti Saemundsson, 1907|
| ||Aphanopus acus Maul, 1948|
|En - Black scabbardfish, Fr - Sabre noir, Sp - Sable negro.|
3Alpha Code: BSF Taxonomic Code: 1750601201|
|Body depth 10.8 to 13.4 times in standard length; anus situated below the last 3 dorsal-fin spines; distance from snout to anus 1.7 to 1.8 times in standard length. Head length 4.7 to 5.2 times in standard length; snout length 2.3 to 2.5 times in head length; eye diameter 4.9 to 5.8 times in head length; interorbital width 1.1 to 1.4 times in eye diameter; maxillary length 2.1 to 2.2 times in head length.
Dorsal fin with XXXVIII to XL (rarely XL1) spines, and 52 to 56 soft rays (total 90 to 96 fin elements); anal fin with II spines, situated below second to fifth dorsal-fin soft ray, and 44 to 48 (rarely 43) soft rays.
Vertebrae total 97 to 100, including 40 to 44 precaudal and 55 to 60 caudal.
|On both sides and at underwater rises of North Atlantic from Denmark Strait to about 30°N.|
|Habitat and Biology|
|Benthopelagicfrom 200 to 1 600 m, juveniles mesopelagic.Migrates to midwater at night andfeeds on crustaceans, cephalopods and fishes (mostly macrourids, morids and alepocephalids).Matures at 80 to 85 cm.|
Spawns west of the British Isles from November to April at depths from 700 to 900 m.
|Maximum 110 cm standard length.|
|Interest to Fisheries|
|Commercial catch reported entirely from Portugal with total annual landings (probably including A. intermedius off Madeira) from 4 613 to 6 865 t (1985 to 1990) (FAO, 1992), including up to 1 000 t which is caught off Madeira with a specialized commercial deep water longline (Maul, 1950). Appears as bycatch in the trawl fishery west of the British Isles, along the Middle-Atlantic Ridge and at Corner Rise. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 9 642 t. The countries with the largest catches were Portugal (7 181 t) and France (2 077 t).|
Ophanope carbon ,
Sabre noir .|
Schwarzer Degenfisch .|
Espada preta (incl. Madeira) .|
Ugoinaya ryba-sablya .|
Black scabbard fish .|
Black scabbard fish .|
|Source of Information|
|SNAKE MACKERELS AND CUTTLASSFISHES OF THE WORLD - (Families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae) An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of the Snake Mackerels, Snoeks, Escolars, Gemfishes, Sackfishes, Domine, Oilfish, Cutlassfishes, Scabbardfishes, Hairtails, and Frostfishes Known to DateI. Nakamura N.V. Parin 1993.
FAO Fisheries Synopsis No.125, Vol. 15. 1993. 136 p., 200 figs.|
Kukuev, 1982, in part
Parin, 1983 - 1986
Templeman & Squires, 1963, in part
Tucker & Palmer, 1949
Zilanov & Shepel, 1975