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Reinhardtius hippoglossoides:   (click for more)

Reinhardtius hippoglossoides:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Pleuronectes cynoglossus  (non Linnaeus) Fabricius, 1780: 163.
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  • Pleuronectes hippoglossoides  Walbaum, 1792: 115 (original description).
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  • Pleuronectes pinguis  Fabricius, 1824: 40.
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  • Hippoglossus pinguis  Reinhardt, 1838: 116.
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  • Platysomatichthys pinguis  Bleeker, 1862: 426.
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  • Hippoglossus groenlandicus  Günther, 1862: 404.
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  • Platysomatichthys hippoglossoides  Goode and Bean, 1879: 7.
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  • Hippoglossus hippoglossoides  Lilljeborg, 1891: 295.
    FAO Names
    En - Greenland halibut, Fr - Flétan noir, Sp - Fletán negro.
    3Alpha Code: GHL     Taxonomic Code: 1830200501
    Geographical Distribution

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    Eastern Atlantic, from England to norther Norway, Iceland and eastern Greenland. Elsewhere, from Newfoundland to north-western Greenland and in the northern part of the Pacific (Sagami Bay northwar, the Sea of Japan, the Okhotsk Sea, the Bering Sea, the Pacific coast of North America to off Mexico.
    Habitat and Biology
    An arctic species foundat 200-2000 m, (mostly preferd depths of 500-1000 m)but often caught pelagically and supposed to swim on the ventral edge and not on the blind side.It is an active, mid-water hunter, feeds on prawns and fishes (cod, Artic cod, eelpouts, capelin and redfish), as well as squids.
    Generally, it spawns in 700-1500 m in spring-summer (April-July at 3-5° C), and the eggs, larvae, and postlarvae are all found free-floating in deep water.  Metamorphosis is completed at a length of 6-8.5 cm; the young may be found then in the shallower regions inhabited by this flatfish.
    Size
    Maximum length about 120 cm weight about 45 kg; usually 80-100 cm and 11-25 kg.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Mainly caught on long lines. The most common fishing techniques are "demersal bottom trawling" and "groundfish longlining". Its flesh is inferior to that of the halibut. Marketed fresh and frozen. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 115 326 t. The countries with the largest catches were Grenland (34 481 t) and Norway (18 810 t).
    Utilized dried/salted and frozen; can be steamed and fried.
    Local Names
    Danish : Hellefisk .
    Dutch : Groenlandse helibot ,  Zwarte helibot .
    English : Black halibut ,  Blue halibut ,  Greenland halibut ,  Greenland turbot ,  Lesser halibut ,  Newfoundland turbot .
    Finnish : Grönlanninpallas .
    French : Flétan noir .
    German : Schwarzer Halibutt .
    Greenlandic : Qaleralik .
    Icelandic : Grálúpa .
    Italian : Halibut di groenlandia .
    Japanese : Karasugarei .
    Norwegian : Blåkveite ,  Svartkveite .
    Bibliography
    Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org
    Nielsen, J.- 1986 Pleuronectidae. In: P.J.P. Whitehead et al., (eds.). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (FNAM). Unesco, Paris, vol. III: 1299-1307.
    Norman, J. R. - 1934A systematic monograph of the flatfishes (Heterosomata). Vol. I: London: 459 pp.
    Sakamoto, K. - 1984 Pleuronectidae. In: H. Masuda; K. Amaoka; C. Araga; T. Uyeno; T. Yoshino (eds.). The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokai. Univ. Press. 351-354.
    Wheeler, A. - 1978Key to the Fishes of Northern Europe. A guide to the identification of more than 350 species. Frederick Warne (Publishers) Ltd., London. 380 pp.
     
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