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Lophius vomerinus:   (click for more)

Lophius vomerinus:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Lophius upsicephalus  Smith, 1841: (no pagination) pl. 9; misidentification with Lophius piscatorius (non Linnaeus) of authors.
    FAO Names
    En - Devil anglerfish, Fr - Baudroie diable, Sp - Rape diablo.
    3Alpha Code: MVO     Taxonomic Code: 1950100106
    Diagnostic Features
    Head and anterior part of body much depressed and very broad, posterior portion of body tapering. Head bearing numerous sharp spines on dorsal and lateral surfaces; humeral spines (in front of pectoral fin bases) well developed, with 2 smaller spines arising from sides; inner and outer sphenotic spines (behind eyes) well developed; frontal ridges (running forward from eyes) rough.  Gill openings below and behind pectoral fin bases.  Dorsal finrays VI + 10-11; first cephalic dorsal fin spine modified into an angling apparatus and bearing a fleshy bait (esca) consisting of a simple pennant-like flap; thirh cephalic dorsal fin spine very short. Anal finrays 9. Pectoral fins with 22 to 26 rays.  Peritoneum pale.  Colour in preservative light brown above, very light below; dorsal body surface with scattered darker brown tendrils; pectoral fins pigmented as body proximally, darker distally, ventral surface with dark brown band covering distal quarter; pelvic fins light with some darker pigment on interradial membranes; soft dorsal and anal fins darker distally; all fin rays with pale tips; esca simple pennant-like flap with black pigment at base; dorsal fin pigmented as dorsal body surface. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Presently known from the eastern South Atlantic off the Namibia, Cape of Good Hope and the southwestern Indian Ocean off South Africa and Bay of Bengal off Burma.
    Habitat and Biology
    Found on the deeper continental shelf and upper slope,from depths of about 150 and 400 m.Feeds on various bottom-living fishes and occasionally on pilchard, round herring, and horse mackerel.Maturity is reached at 4 years (about 40 cm).
    Size
    Attains a maximum length of 100 cm; common 40 to50 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    One of the most valuable fish species per unit weight. Caught with longlines and bottom trawls. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 20 771 t. The countries with the largest catches were Nambia (13 790 t) and South Africa (6 949 t).
    Marketed fresh and frozen.
    Local Names
    Afrikaans : Monnik .
    English : Devil anglerfish ,  Monk .
    French : Baudroie diable .
    Portuguese : Diabo comum ,  Diabo do Cabo .
    Spanish : Rape del Cabo ,  Rape diablo .
    Bibliography
    Catalog On Line. Fischer, W.; G. Bianchi (eds.). - 1984 FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Prepared and printed with the support of the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). Rome, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Vol. I-6: pag. var. Fishbase: ICLARM .
    Bianchi, G., K.E. Carpenter, J.-P Roux, F.J. Molloy, D. Boyer & H.J. Boyer - 1993 FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Namibia. Rome, FAO. 1993. 250 pp.
    Caruso, J. H. - 1983The systematics and distribution of the Liphiid anglerfishes: II. Revisions of the genera Lophiomus and Lophius. Copeia, 1983 (1): 11-30.
    Leslie, R. W. & W. S. Grant. - 1991Redescription of the southern African anglerfish Lophius vomerinus. Valenciennes, 1837 (Lophiiformes: Lophiidae). Copeia, 1991 (3): 787-800.
    Lloris, D. - 1986Ictiofauna demersal y aspectos biogeográficos de la costa sudoccidental de África (SWA/Namibia). Monogr. Zool. Mar., 1: 9-432 pp.
    Pietsch, T. W. - 1986 Lophiiformes. In: M. M. Smith; P. C. Heemstra (ed.). Smith's Sea Fishes. Spring-Verlag. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, London, Paris, Tokio. 1047 pp.
     
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