| ||Clupea flosmaris Richardson, 1846:305 (suppressed).|
| ||Elops javanicus Valenciennes, 1847:271.|
| ||Etrumeus (Montalbania) albulina Fowler, 1934:244 (the Philippines).|
| ||Dussumieria acuta Whitehead, 1963:312, fig. 5.; Whitehead, 1973b:170, fig. 4; Wongratana, 1980:88, pIs 11, 12 (revision).|
|En - Rainbow sardine, Fr - Sardine arc-en-ciel, Sp - Sardina arco iris.|
3Alpha Code: RAS Taxonomic Code: 1210502901|
|Scientific Name with Original Description|
|Dussumieria acuta Valenciennes, 1847, Hist.nat.poiss., 20:467 (Bombay, Coromandel).|
|Closely resembles D. elopsoides, but body deeper (usually 22 to 29% of standard length),
lower gillrakers fewer (19 to 26), branchiostegal rays fewer (12 to 15) and
posterior part of scales marked with numerous tiny radiating striae.
Black irridescent blue with a shiny gold/brass line below (quickly fading after death); hind margin of tail broadly dark.
|Warmer waters of Indo-Pacific, from the "Gulf" (perhaps south to Somalia), along coasts of Pakistan, India and Malaysia to Indonesia (Kalimantan) and the Philippines.Earlier records included D. elopsoides. |
|Habitat and Biology|
|Marine,pelagic, mainly inshore fishes;studies on bionomics, general biology, food, breeding, eggs and larvae, juveniles, temperature tolerance of larvae, the gut and seasonal variations in fat content are listed by Whitehead (1973:171), but may equally have referred to D. elopsoides. |
|To about 20 cm standard length.|
|Interest to Fisheries|
|Global Capture production for|
(FAO Fishery Statistic)
Separate statistics only recorded from Hong Kong, Indonesia and the Philippines (the last two most likely with D. elopsoides also included). Good catches are made in Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar (southern India) (Samuel, 1968). Caught with gillnets (rolavalai of southern India), also seines. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 47 500 t. The countries with the largest catches were Philippines (24 080 t) and Indonesia (23 420 t).
| Related Fishing Techniques|
Rainbow sardine .|
Whitehead, (1963 - combined with D. elopsoides, however; 1973b - same)
Wongratana, (1980 - key, diagnosis)