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Oncorhynchus tshawytscha:   (click for more)

Oncorhynchus tshawytscha:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Salmo tshawytscha  Walbaum, 1792: 71 (original description).
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  • Salmo orientalis  Pallas, 1814: 367.
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  • Salmo quinnat  Richardson, 1836: 219.
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  • Oncorhynchus cooperi, Salmo warreni and Sal  Suckley, 1861
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  • Oncorhynchus chouicha  Jordan & Gilbert, 1883: 306.
    FAO Names
    En - Chinook(=Spring=King) salmon, Fr - Saumon royal, Sp - Salmón real.
    3Alpha Code: CHI     Taxonomic Code: 1230100907
    Geographical Distribution

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    Pacific Ocean, in larger rivers from Kamchatka to California. Incidental migrations are reported from the rivers of Shinano, Teshio, and Tokachi (Japan). Feeding migrants are observed along the coast of northern Japan from late autumn to early summer. Introduced to many foreing rivers but successful reproduction has not been reported except from New Zealand.
    Habitat and Biology
    Anadromous, occurs in the ocean and lakes.
    Adults migrate up to 4,827 km upstream to spawn in rivers. May also spawn in lakes.  Most alevins remain in freshwater for 1-2 years.Feed on insects and crustaceans. Seaward migration follows and adults feed on fishes, crustaceans and other invertebrates.
    Size
    Attains the largest size among the family, 150 cm and 60 kg.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Caught with trollers (trawl nets and gillnets). Also important for game fishing. Marketed fresh, smoked, frozen and canned. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 8 817 t. The countries with the largest catches were USA (6 929 t) and Russian Federation (793 t).
    Eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked.
    Local Names
    Dutch : Chinook zalm .
    English : Blackmouth ,  Chinook salmon ,  King ,  King salmon ,  Pacific salmon ,  Quinnat ,  Quinnat salmon ,  Spring ,  Spring salmon ,  Tyee .
    Finnish : Kuningaslohi .
    French : Saumon chinook ,  Saumon royal .
    German : Königslachs .
    Italian : Salmone reale .
    Japanese : Masunosuke .
    Norwegian : Chinook .
    Polish : Czawycza .
    Portuguese : Salmao real .
    Serbo-Croat : Vrsta lososa .
    Spanish : Salmón chinook ,  Salmón real .
    Swedish : Kungslax .
    Bibliography
    Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org
    Ida, H. - 1984 Salmonidae. In: H. Masuda; K. Amaoka; C. Araga; T. Uyeno; T. Yoshino (eds.). The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokai. Univ. Press. 40.
    Scott, W.B. & E.J. Crossman. - 1973Freshwater Fishes of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Bulletin 184: 966 pp.
     
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