| ||Salmo tshawytscha Walbaum, 1792: 71 (original description).|
| ||Salmo orientalis Pallas, 1814: 367.|
| ||Salmo quinnat Richardson, 1836: 219.|
| ||Oncorhynchus cooperi, Salmo warreni and Sal Suckley, 1861|
| ||Oncorhynchus chouicha Jordan & Gilbert, 1883: 306.|
|En - Chinook(=Spring=King) salmon, Fr - Saumon royal, Sp - Salmón real.|
| 3Alpha Code: CHI Taxonomic Code: 1230100907|
|Pacific Ocean, in larger rivers from Kamchatka to California. Incidental migrations are reported from the rivers of Shinano, Teshio, and Tokachi (Japan). Feeding migrants are observed along the coast of northern Japan from late autumn to early summer. Introduced to many foreing rivers but successful reproduction has not been reported except from New Zealand.|
|Habitat and Biology|
|Anadromous, occurs in the ocean and lakes.|
Adults migrate up to 4,827 km upstream to spawn in rivers. May also spawn in lakes. Most alevins remain in freshwater for 1-2 years.Feed on insects and crustaceans. Seaward migration follows and adults feed on fishes, crustaceans and other invertebrates.
|Attains the largest size among the family, 150 cm and 60 kg.|
|Interest to Fisheries|
|Global Capture production for|
(FAO Fishery Statistic)
|Global Aquaculture production for|
(FAO Fishery Statistic)
Caught with trollers (trawl nets and gillnets). Also important for game fishing. Marketed fresh, smoked, frozen and canned. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 8 817 t. The countries with the largest catches were USA (6 929 t) and Russian Federation (793 t).
Eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked.
| Related Fishing Techniques|
|English : Blackmouth , Chinook salmon , King , King salmon , Pacific salmon , Quinnat , Quinnat salmon , Spring , Spring salmon , Tyee .|
|French : Saumon chinook , Saumon royal .|
|Italian : Salmone reale .|
|Portuguese : Salmao real .|
|Serbo-Croat : Vrsta lososa .|
|Spanish : Salmón chinook , Salmón real .|
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org
Ida, H. - 1984 Salmonidae. In: H. Masuda; K. Amaoka; C. Araga; T. Uyeno; T. Yoshino (eds.). The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokai. Univ. Press. 40.
Scott, W.B. & E.J. Crossman. - 1973Freshwater Fishes of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Bulletin 184: 966 pp.