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Hypophthalmichthys molitrix:   (click for more)

Hypophthalmichthys molitrix:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Leuciscus molitrix  Valenciennes, 1844: 360 (original description).
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  • Leuciscus hypophthalmus  Richardson (ex Gray), 1845: 139.
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  • Cephalus mantschuricus  Basilewsky, 1855: 235.
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  • Abramocephalus microlepis  Steindachner, 1869: 150.
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  • Hypophthalmichthys dabryi  Guichenot in Bleeker, 1871: 84
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  • Hypophthalmichthys harmandi  Sauvage, 1884: 212.
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  • Hypophthalmichthys dybowskii  Herzenstein in Warpachowski & Herzenstein, 1888: 38.
    FAO Names
    En - Silver carp, Fr - Carpe argentée, Sp - Carpa plateada.
    3Alpha Code: SVC     Taxonomic Code: 1400204301
    Diagnostic Features
    Body laterally compressed and deep. Ventral keel extending from isthmus to anus. Head large. Eye small, on ventral side of head.  Gillrakers sponge-like.  Dorsal fin with 8 rays; no adipose fin. Anal fin with 13 to 15 rays.  Lateral line with 83 to 125 scales. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Distributed in the Tone River, Manchuria and Mongolia, Canton, Fuchow, China, Hanoi (Vietnam). Introduced to other parts of the world.
    Habitat and Biology
    Requires standing or slow-flowing conditions such as in impoundments or the backwaters of large rivers.Feeds on phytoplankton.
    In its natural range, it migrates upstream to breed; eggs and larvae float downstream to floodplain zones.  An active species well known for its habit of leaping clear of the water when disturbed. Swims just beneath the water surface.
    Size
    Attains to 100 cm; max. Weight 50 kg.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Utilized fresh for human consumption and also introduced to many countries where its ability to clean reservoirs and other waters of clogging algae is appreciated even more than its food value.The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 18 103 t. The countries with the largest catches were Iran (Islamic Rep. of) (14 400 t) and Romania (1 308 t).
    Local Names
    Afrikaans : Silwerkarp .
    Cantonese : Bin ue ,  Cho ue ,  Lin ue .
    Czech : Tolstolobik biely ,  Tolstolobik bily .
    Dutch : Zilverkarper .
    English : Silver carp .
    Finnish : Hopeapaksuotsa .
    French : Carpe argentée .
    German : Silberkarpfen .
    Hebrew : Kasaf .
    Hungarian : Fehér busa .
    Japanese : Hakuren .
    Malay/Indonesian : Kap perak ,  Tongsan putih .
    Norvegian : Sølvkarpe .
    Polish : Tolpyga biala ,  Toplyga biala .
    Rumanian : Crap-chinezesc-argintiu .
    Russian : Tolstolobik .
    Swedish : Silverkarp .
    Thai : Pla lin .
    Bibliography
    Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org
    Sawada, Y. - 1984 Cypriniformes. In: H. Masuda; K. Amaoka; C. Araga; T. Uyeno; T. Yoshino (eds.). The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokai. Univ. Press. 54-58.
     
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