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Saurida tumbil:   (click for more)

Saurida tumbil:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Salmo tumbil  Bloch, 1795: 112 (original description).
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  • Saurus badi  Cuvier, 1829: 314.
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  • Saurus badimottah  Rüppell, 1837: 77.
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  • Laurida tumbel  Swainson, 1839: 288 (unneeded name change or emendation, based on Bloch pl. 430, which is tumbil Bloch).
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  • Saurida argyrophanes  , , (non Jordan & Evermann) Richardson, 1846.
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  • Saurida tombil  Valenciennes, 1850: 500.
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  • Saurida australis  Castelnau, 1879: 393.
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  • Saurida truculenta  Macleay, 1881: 219.
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  • Saurida argentea  Macleay, 1881: 220.
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  • Saurida ferox  Ramsay, 1883: 177.
    FAO Names
    En - Greater lizardfish, Fr - Anoli tumbil, Sp - Lagarto tumbil.
    3Alpha Code: LIG     Taxonomic Code: 1311606801
    Diagnostic Features
    Body elongate and tubular.  Lateral line scales about 50 to 56; 4 to 5 scale rows above lateral line.  Head and caudal peduncle somewhat depressed.  Several rows of teeth visible in both jaws even when mouth is closed: 2 series of teeth on palate (roof of mouth), outer series in 3 or 4 rows anteriorly; a small patch of teeth present on vomer.  Dorsal fin rays usually 12 (11 to 13), longest ray about 4 times as long as last ray. Pectoral fin rays 14 or 15, longest ray reaching to about pelvic insertion. Pelvics rays subequal in length. Pectoral axillary scale long and pointed.  Colour back and sides brown, belly pale or silvery. Eight to 10 faint bars occasionally visible along lateral line. Distal parts of dorsal, pectoral and particulary caudal fins dusky; otherwise, no markings on fins. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Western Indian Ocean, knwon from the east coast of Africa (excluding Kenya) Madagascar, Somalia, the Red Sea, the "Gulf", Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka. Elsewhere, in the Eastern Indian Ocean, Malay Archipelago, East Indies, Australia and China Sea; not known from the Central or Eastern Pacific.
    Habitat and Biology
    Commonly found on muddy bottomsbetween 20 and 60 m depth, but may enter shallower waters.Mainly piscivorous, but also feeds on crustaceans and squids.
    Size
    To at least 40 cm total length.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Caught primarily with bottom trawls. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 10 791 t. The countries with the largest catches were Japan (7 716 t) and Taiwan Province of China (3 075 t).
    Marketed fresh.
    Local Names
    Arabic : Hasoom ,  Poleen ,  Shijeeah .
    English : Greater lizard-fish .
    Malay/Indonesian : Bekut laut ,  Belungkor ,  Chonor ,  Hai la ,  Mengkarong ,  Mudin-mudin ,  Sonor ,  Ubi ,  Ubi-ubi .
    Portuguese : Peixe-banana grande .
    Somalian : Anishow .
    Bibliography
    Fischer, W.; G. Bianchi (eds.). - 1983FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Prepared and printed with the support of the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). Rome, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Vol. I-6: pag. var.
    Abe, T. & D. Pathansali. - 1974 Harpadontidae. In: W. Fischer & P.J.P. Whitehead. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean (fishing area 57) and Western Central Pacific (fishing area 71). Vol. I, Rome FAO, pag var.
    Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org
    Sommer, C., W. Schneider & J.-M. Poutiers. - 1996 FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Somalia. Rome, FAO: 376 pp.
     
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