| ||Holocentrus calcarifer Bloch, 1790: 100 (original description).|
| ||Perca calcar Bloch & Schneider, 1801: 89 (unjustified emendation of Holocentrus calcarifer Bloch, 1790).|
| ||Holocentrus heptadactylus Lacepède, 1802: 344, 389.|
| ||Pseudolates cavifrons Alleyne & Macleay, 1877: 262.|
| ||Lates darwiniensis Macleay, 1878: 345.|
|En - Barramundi(=Giant seaperch), Fr - Perche barramundi, Sp - Perca gigante.|
3Alpha Code: GIP Taxonomic Code: 1700116701|
|Body elongate, compressed, with a deep caudal peduncle. Head pointed, with concave dorsal profile becoming convex in front of dorsal fin. Mouth large, slightly oblique, upper jaw reaching to behind eye;
teeth villiform, no canines present.
Lower edge of pre-operculum with a strong spine; operculum with a small spine and with a serrated flap above origin of lateral line.
Lower first gill arch with 16 to 17 gillrakers.
Scales large, ctenoid.
Dorsal fin with 7 to 9 spines and 10 to 11 soft rays; a very deep notch almost dividing spiny from soft part of fin; pectoral fin short and rounded, several short, strong serrations above its base; dorsal and anal fins both have scaly sheaths. Anal fin rounded, with 3 spines and 7 to 8 short rays. Caudal fin rounded.
Colour in two phases, either olive brown above with silver sides and belly (usually juveniles) or green/blue above and silver below. No spots or bars present on fins or body.
|East Indian Ocean and Western central Pacific. Japanese Sea, Torres Strait or the coast of New Guinea and Darwin, Northern Territory, Queensland (Australia). Also, westward to East Africa.|
|Habitat and Biology|
|A diadromous fish, inhabiting rivers before returning to the estuaries to spawn.Found in coastal waters, estuaries and lagoons,in clear to turbid water.Usually occurs at a temperature range of 26-29º C and between 10-40 m.
Feeds on fishes and crustaceans.|
|To 200 cm; common between 25 and 100 cm.|
|Interest to Fisheries|
|Global Capture production for|
(FAO Fishery Statistic)
|Global Aquaculture production for|
(FAO Fishery Statistic)
Caught maintly with bottom trawls, handlines, seines, gillnets, and traps. Reaches 1500-3000 g in one year in ponds under optimum conditions.
Sold fresh and frozen (marketed mostly fresh); consumed steamed, pan-fried, broiled and baked.
| Related Fishing Techniques|
Asian seabass ,
Barramundi perch ,
Giant perch ,
Giant sea perch ,
Silver barramundi .|
Kakap putih ,
Siakap putih .|
|Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug :
Matang pusa .|
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org
Rainboth, W.L. - 1996 FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. Rome, FAO. 1996.: 265 pp.
Sukhavisidh, P. - 1974Centropomidae. In: W. Fischer & P.J.P. Whitehead. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean (fishing area 57) and Western Central Pacific (fishing area 71). Vol. I, Rome FAO, pag var.