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Lates calcarifer:   (click for more)

Lates calcarifer:   (click for more)

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  • Holocentrus calcarifer  Bloch, 1790: 100 (original description).
  • Perca calcar  Bloch & Schneider, 1801: 89 (unjustified emendation of Holocentrus calcarifer Bloch, 1790).
  • Holocentrus heptadactylus  Lacepède, 1802: 344, 389.
  • Pseudolates cavifrons  Alleyne & Macleay, 1877: 262.
  • Lates darwiniensis  Macleay, 1878: 345.
    FAO Names
    En - Barramundi(=Giant seaperch), Fr - Perche barramundi, Sp - Perca gigante.
    3Alpha Code: GIP     Taxonomic Code: 1700116701
    Diagnostic Features
    Body elongate, compressed, with a deep caudal peduncle. Head pointed, with concave dorsal profile becoming convex in front of dorsal fin. Mouth large, slightly oblique, upper jaw reaching to behind eye;  teeth villiform, no canines present.  Lower edge of pre-operculum with a strong spine; operculum with a small spine and with a serrated flap above origin of lateral line.  Lower first gill arch with 16 to 17 gillrakers.  Scales large, ctenoid.  Dorsal fin with 7 to 9 spines and 10 to 11 soft rays; a very deep notch almost dividing spiny from soft part of fin; pectoral fin short and rounded, several short, strong serrations above its base; dorsal and anal fins both have scaly sheaths. Anal fin rounded, with 3 spines and 7 to 8 short rays. Caudal fin rounded.  Colour in two phases, either olive brown above with silver sides and belly (usually juveniles) or green/blue above and silver below. No spots or bars present on fins or body. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    East Indian Ocean and Western central Pacific. Japanese Sea, Torres Strait or the coast of New Guinea and Darwin, Northern Territory, Queensland (Australia). Also, westward to East Africa.
    Habitat and Biology
    A diadromous fish, inhabiting rivers before returning to the estuaries to spawn.Found in coastal waters, estuaries and lagoons,in clear to turbid water.Usually occurs at a temperature range of 26-29º C and between 10-40 m.  Feeds on fishes and crustaceans.
    To 200 cm; common between 25 and 100 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Caught maintly with bottom trawls, handlines, seines, gillnets, and traps. Reaches 1500-3000 g in one year in ponds under optimum conditions.
    Sold fresh and frozen (marketed mostly fresh); consumed steamed, pan-fried, broiled and baked.
    Local Names
    Bikol : Apahap ,  Bulgan .
    Burmese : Ka-kadit .
    English : Asian seabass ,  Barramundi ,  Barramundi perch ,  Giant perch ,  Giant sea perch ,  Palmer ,  Silver barramundi .
    Malay/Indonesian : Bukai-bukai ,  Gelungsung ,  Kakap ,  Kakap putih ,  Selungsung ,  Siakap ,  Siakap putih .
    Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug : Matakating .
    Japanese : Akame .
    Polish : Lates .
    Tagalog : Katuyot ,  Matang pusa .
    Tokelauan : Murrabal .
    Vietnamese : Cá vurot .
    Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org
    Rainboth, W.L. - 1996 FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. Rome, FAO. 1996.: 265 pp.
    Sukhavisidh, P. - 1974Centropomidae. In: W. Fischer & P.J.P. Whitehead. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean (fishing area 57) and Western Central Pacific (fishing area 71). Vol. I, Rome FAO, pag var.
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