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Elegatis bipinnulata:   (click for more)

Elegatis bipinnulata:   (click for more)

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  • Seriola bipinnulata  Quoy & Gaimard, 1824: 363 (original description).
  • Seriola pinnulata  Poey, 1860: 233.
  • Irex indicus  Valenciennes, 1862: 1205.
  • Irex americanus  Valenciennes, 1862: 1206.
  • Seriolichthys lineolatus  Day, 1867: 559.
    FAO Names
    En - Rainbow runner, Fr - Comète saumon, Sp - Macarela salmón.
    3Alpha Code: RRU     Taxonomic Code: 1702313401
    Diagnostic Features
    Body greatly elongate, almost fusiform. Head and snout pointed. Mouth small, upper jaw ending distinctly before eye (to below anterior margin of eye in young);  teeth in jaws in villiform bands, minute teeth also on roof of mouth and on tongue.  Lateral line slightly arched above pectoral fins, becoming straight posteriorly; no scutes. Caudal peduncle grooves present.  Dorsal fin with 6 spines and I + 25-30 soft rays. Anal fin with one spine (completely embedded in large fish) and I + 18-22 soft rays; terminal 2-rayed finlet without inter-radial membranes, present in dorsal and anal fins; soft anal fin base distinctly shorter than soft dorsal fin base. Pectoral and pelvic fins approximately equal in length.  Colour dark olive-blue or green above and white below; two narrow light blue or bluish-white stripes along sides, with a broader or yellowish stripe between them; fins dark with an olive or yellow tint. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Circumtropical in marine waters.Western Atlantic from northward to Massachusetts, southward to northeastern Brazil; Eastern Atlantic distribution not well established, definitely known only from the Ivory Coast to Angola; also reported in the Mediterranean waters (Ligurian Sea). Common throughout the Western and Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Central Pacific.
    Habitat and Biology
    A pelagic fish,usually found at or near the surface (0-15 m),over coral and rocky reefs or sometimes far offshore; may form sizeable schools.Feeds on crustaceans, small fishes and squid.
    Pelagic eggs and spawning generally occurs during the summer. 
    Maximum 107 cm (possibly to 120 cm) fork length and 10.5 kg; common to 80 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Separate statistics are not reported for this species. Caught mainly on hooks and lines. An excellent sportsfish; also with gillnets and purse seines, on trolling lines and other line gear. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 20 356 t. The countries with the largest catches were Indonesia (14 830 t) and Philippines (4 500 t).
    Marketed fresh, smoked and dried salted.
    Local Names
    Arabic : Aifa ,  Garaeiba ,  Gazala ,  Mujlabah ,  Muslabah ,  Sagala .
    Bikol : Lapis .
    English : Hawaiian salmon ,  Rainbow runner ,  Rainbow runner fish ,  Striped fish .
    Fijian : Drodrolagi .
    French : Carangue arc-en-ciel ,  Comère saumon ,  Saumon .
    Hawaiian : Kamanu .
    Japanese : Tsumuburi .
    Malay/Indonesian : Pisang-pisang .
    Niuean : Samani .
    Polish : Elegata .
    Portuguese : Arabaiana norte ,  Salmao .
    Saipanese Carolinian : Buree' ,  Fa-fa .
    Satawalese Carolinian : Foofo ,  Niyawmanúr ,  Péyennáy ,  Ppwéy .
    Spanish : Cola amarilla ,  Corredores ,  Macarela ,  Pez rata ,  Salmón ,  Salmonete ,  Sardinata .
    Tagalog : Salmon .
    Tahitian : Roeroe .
    Visayan : Bansikol .
    Woleaian : Foafoa .
    Fischer, W. (ed.). - 1978FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Central Atlantic (fishing area 31). Vols. 1-7: pag. var.
    Fischer, W.; G. Bianchi (eds.). - 1984FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Prepared and printed with the support of the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). Rome, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Vol. I-6: pag. var.
    Fischer, W.; G. Bianchi; W. B. Scott (eds.). - 1981Fiches FAO d'identification des espèces pour les besoins de la pêche. Atlantique centre-est; zones de pêche 34, 47 (en partie). Canada Fonds de Dépôt. Ottawa, Ministère des Pêcheries et Océans Canada, en accord avec l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'Alimentation et l'Agriculture, Vol. 1-7: pag. var. Fishbase: ICLARM .
    Chan, W. & F. Talbot. - 1974Carangidae. In: W. Fischer and P.J.P. Whitehead (eds.).- 1974. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean (fishing area 57) and Western Central Pacific (fishing area 71). Vol. 1: pag. var.
    Smith-Vaniz, W. F. - 1986 Carangidae. In: P.J.P. Whitehead et al., (eds.). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (FNAM). Unesco, Paris, vol. II: 815-844.
    Smith-Vaniz, W. F., J.C. Quéro & M. Desoutter. - 1990 Carangidae. In: J.C. Quero et al., (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). Unesco, Portugal, vol. II: 729-755.
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