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Coryphaena hippurus:   (click for more)

Coryphaena hippurus:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Scomber pelagicus  Linnaeus, 1758: 299.
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  • Coryphaena fasciolata  Pallas, 1770: pl.3.
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  • Coryphaena chrysurus  Lacepède, 1799: pl. 2.
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  • Coryphaena imperialis  Rafinesque, 1810: 33.
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  • Lepimphis hippuroides  Rafinesque, 1810: 34.
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  • Coryphaena hippuris  Bowdich, 1825: 14.
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  • Coryphaena immaculata  L. Agassiz, 1829: pl. 56.
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  • Coryphaena azurea  Lesson, 1830: 153.
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  • Coryphaena marcgravii  Valenciennes, 1833: 301.
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  • Coryphaena sueurii  Valenciennes, 1833: 302.
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  • Coryphaena dorado  Valenciennes, 1833: 303.
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  • Coryphaena dolfyn  Valenciennes, 1833: 305.
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  • Coryphaena virgata  Valenciennes, 1833: 308.
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  • Coryphaena argyrurus  Valenciennes, 1833: 314.
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  • Coryphaena vlamingii  Valenciennes, 1833: 315.
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  • Lampugus siculus  Valenciennes, 1833: 323.
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  • Coryphaena nortoniana  Lowe, 1839: 80-81.
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  • Coryphaena japonica  Temminck & Schlegel, 1845: 120.
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  • Coryphaena pelagica  Günther, 1860: 407.
    FAO Names
    En - Common dolphinfish, Fr - Coryphène commune, Sp - Lampuga.
    3Alpha Code: DOL     Taxonomic Code: 1702807101
    Diagnostic Features
    Greatest body depth in adults less than 25 % of standard length; young fish (up to 30 cm) have slender, elongate body with head profile slightly convex; in larger males (30-200 cm) head profile becomes vertical with development of bony crest.  Tooth patch on tongue small and oval.  Dorsal finrays 58-66. A concave anal fin, extending from anus almost to caudal fin. Pectoral fin more than half of head length.  Lateral line scales 200 or more.  Vertebrae 31.  Colour of back a brilliant metallic blue-green. Juveniles with only tips of caudal lobes unpigmented; pelvic fins black. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Elsewhere worldwide in tropical and subtropical seas (generally common in most warm and temperate seas 21º to 30º C).Western Atlantic (Gulf of Mexico and Caribe seas) and Eastern Atlantic (Canaries to Angola); present in the Mediterranean and from north-western Spain southwards. Western and Eastern Indian Ocean (except possibly the Red Sea and the "Gulf") and Western Central Pacific.
    Habitat and Biology
    Epipelagic, inhabiting open waters but also approaching the coast. Follows ships and forms small concentrations below floating objects (bamboo reeds or cork planks).Feeding primarily epipelagic fishes but also crustaceans and squids.
    All have pelagic eggs and larvae; spawning generally occurs during the summer (June to September). 
    Size
    Maximum 200 cm and 28 kg.; common 50 to 100 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 31 805 t. The countries with the largest catches were Japan (9 278 t) and Taiwan Province of China (8 560 t). Attracting devices such as floating bundles of bamboo reeds or cork planks are used to concentrate dolhinfish before the nets are set. Caught by trolling and by tuna longlining; also occasionally with purse seines and driftnets.
    Marketed fresh; a very highly appreciated food fish; also utilized frozen.
    Local Names
    Greek : Dakaunomoutas ,  Kynigòs ,  Kynygós .
    Hawaiian : Mahihi ,  Mahimahi ,  Mahi mahi lapa ,  Mahi mahi oma .
    Hebrew : Raaman .
    Italian : Corifena ,  Lampuga .
    Japanese : Shiira ,  Toohyaku .
    Korean : Man-sae-gi .
    Malay/Indonesian : Belitong ,  Golok ,  Ikan lumba ,  Parang .
    Maltese : Lampuka .
    Mandarin Chinese : Fei Niau Fu .
    Niuean : Tolofine .
    Norwegian : Gullmakrell .
    Palauan : Ersuuch .
    Polish : Koryfena .
    Portuguese : Doirado ,  Dourado ,  Dourado comum .
    Rapan : Mahimahi .
    Saipanese Carolinian : Dofen .
    Satawalese Carolinian: : Sepór .
    Serbo-Croat : Lampuga ,  Pucinka ,  Pucinka skakavica .
    Sinhalese : Rad hava .
    Somalian : Sucbaan .
    Spanish : Dorado ,  Lampuga .
    Swedish : Guldmakrill .
    Tagalog : Dorado .
    Tahitian : Mahimahi .
    Vietnamese : Cá Duo ,  Cá nucheo .
    Afrikaans : Dorado .
    Arabic : Anfalous ,  Anfalus ,  Bakhti ,  Lámbug ,  Lambuka ,  Lämbukeh ,  Lambouqa ,  Msi'a amerikano ,  Rat ,  Souris .
    Catalan : Daurat ,  Llampuga ,  Melet .
    Danish: : Guldmakrel .
    Dutch: : Dolfijnvis ,  Goudmakreel .
    English : Common dolphin ,  Common dolphin fish ,  Dolphin ,  Dolphinfish ,  Dorado ,  Mahimahi .
    Fijian : Mahimahi .
    Finnish : Dolfiini .
    French : Coryphène .
    Fon : Kofihantanlin .
    Fwâi : Hyaadoi duet .
    German : Goldmakrele .
    Bibliography
    Fischer, W.; G. Bianchi (eds.). - 1984FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Prepared and printed with the support of the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). Rome, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Vol. I-6: pag. var.
    Fischer, W.; G. Bianchi; W. B. Scott (eds.). - 1981Fiches FAO d'identification des espèces pour les besoins de la pêche. Atlantique centre-est; zones de pêche 34, 47 (en partie). Canada Fonds de Dépôt. Ottawa, Ministère des Pêcheries et Océans Canada, en accord avec l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'Alimentation et l'Agriculture, Vol. 1-7: pag. var. Fishbase: ICLARM .
    Bini, G. - 1965Catálogo de los nombres de peces, moluscos y crustáceos de importancia comercial en el Mediterráneo. FAO, Rome: i-xv + 407 pp.
    Collette, B. B. - 1986 Coryphaenidae. In : P.J.P. Whitehead et al., (eds.). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (FNAM). Unesco, Paris, Vol. II: 845-846.
    Lloris, D., J. Rucabado, LL del cerro, F. Portas, M. Demestre & A. Roig. - 1984Tots els peixos del mar Català.I: Llistat de Cites i de referències. Treballs Soc. Cat. Ict. Herp., 1: 1-208.
    Massuti, E. - 1997 Biology of Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758 (Pisces: Coryphaenidae) in the Western Mediterranean. Ph. D. Universitat de les Illes Balears: 169 pp.
    Tortonese, E. - 1990 Coryphaenidae. In: J. C. Quero et al., (eds.). Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). UNESCO, JNICT-Portugal, Vol. II: 756-767.
     
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