| ||Sciaena argentata Gmelin, 1789|
| ||Alphestes gembra Schneider, , (in Bloch & Schneider, 1801).|
| ||Mesoprion flavipinnis Cuvier, , (in C. & V, 1828).|
| ||Mesoprion taeniops Valenciennes, , (in C. & V, 1830).|
| ||Mesoprion griseoides Guichenot, 1862|
| ||Lutianus johngarah Day, 1875|
| ||Diacope superbus Castelnau, 1878|
| ||Mesoprion obscurus Macleay, 1881|
| ||Mesoprion sexfasciatus Macleay, 1883|
| ||Lutianus salmonoides Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908|
|En - Mangrove red snapper, Fr - Vivaneau des mangroves, Sp - Pargo de manglar.|
3Alpha Code: RES Taxonomic Code: 1703202702|
|Body moderately deep (greatest depth 2.5 to 3.1 times in standard length). Snout somewhat pointed; preorbital bone relatively broad wider than eye diameter; preopercular notch and knob poorly developed;
vomerine tooth patch crescentic, without a medial posterior extension, tongue with a patch of granular teeth;
gill rakers on lower limb of first arch (including rudiments) 9 to 12, total gill rakers on first arch 16 to 20.
Dorsal fin with 10 spines and 13 or 14 soft rays; anal fin with 3 spines and B soft rays; posterior profile of dorsal and anal fins rounded; pectoral fins with 16 or 17 rays; caudal fin emarginate to nearly truncate.
Scale rows on back S more or less parallel to lateral line, or parallel below spinous part of dorsal fin and sometimes rising obliquely posteriorly, or rarely with entirely oblique rows.
Colour: back and sides greenish-brown to reddish; belly silvery or whitish; specimens from deep water frequently overall reddish; juveniles with a series of about eight whitish bars crossing sides, and 1 or 2 blue lines across cheek.
|Widespread in the Indo-West Pacific from Samoa and the Line Islands to East Africa, and from Australia northward to the Ryukyu Islands. Has dispersed into the eastern Mediterranean (off Lebanon) via the Suez Canal, but is not well established there.|
|Habitat and Biology|
|Juveniles and young adults found in mangrove estuaries and in the lower reaches of freshwater streams.Eventually they migrate offshore to deeper reef areas, sometimes penetrating to depths in excess of 100 m.Habitat frequently consists of areas of abundant shelter in the form of caves or overhanging ledges.Feeds mainly on fishes and crustaceans.|
Spawning occurs throughout the year, at least in lower latitudes.
|Maximum total length about 120 cm; common to 80 cm.|
|Interest to Fisheries|
|An important market species throughout the Indo-Pacific region, but never found in large quantities. Caught mainly with nets (redfishes gillnetting, snapper gillnetting), handlines, bottom longlines, and trawls . In 1983 a total catch of 7 815 t was reported to FAO (Fishing Areas 71, 51 and 57).|
Marketed either fresh or frozen also dried-salted.The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 16 129 t. The countries with the largest catches were Malaysia (12 319 t) and Pakistan (3 195 t).
Mangrove Jack .|
|LACCADIVE ISLANDS :
|SOUTH AFRICA :
River snapper ,
|SRI LANKA :
|THE PHILIPPINES :
Fischer & Bianchi (eds), (1984)
Alien & Talbot, (1985)