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Larimichthys croceus:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Sciaena crocea  Richardson, 1846: 224 (original description).
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  • Pseudosciaena amblyceps  Bleeker, 1863: 142.
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  • Collichthys chinensis  Steindachner, 1866: 475.
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  • Pseudosciaena crocea  Jordan & Seale, 1905: 11.
    FAO Names
    En - Large yellow croaker, Fr - Tambour à gros yeux, Sp - Corvina japonesa.
    3Alpha Code: LYC     Taxonomic Code: 1703730304
    Diagnostic Features
    Body elongate, compressed. Scales cycloid (smooth) on head and above pectoral fin, elsewhere ctenoid (rough to touch). Lateral line with 51-57 scales reaching to tip of caudal fin. Mouth large, maxillary extending to backward beyond eye.  Teeth in double series on both jaws, enlarged in outer series; posterior margin of preoperculum with dermal serration.  Gillrakers on first gill arch 8-9 + 16-18.  Dorsal fin with 8-10 spines and 30-35 soft rays. Anal fin with 2 spines and 7-9 soft rays; second anal espine weak, longer than eye. Pectoral with 15-17. Caudal fin pointed.  Colour body yellow, darker above and golden sheen below; ventral scales yellow (luminous organs); fins all yellow; lips sometimes red; lining of body cavity light dusky grey. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Northwest Pacific Ocean (Yellow and East China Seas). Shallow waters, along the Chinese coast (Canton, Hong Kong).
    Habitat and Biology
    Benthopelagic. Inhabits coastal waters and estuaries. A seasonal migratory species.Feeds on crustaceans and fishes.
    Spawning in spring and autum in turbid waters, close to river estuaries. 
    Size
    Attains about 80 cm; common 60 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Caught with bottom trawls, longlines and handlines.
    Marketed fresh; also dried-salted; swimbladder dried.The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 66 076 t. The countries with the largest catches were China (65 806 t) and Korea, Republic of (270 t).
    Local Names
    English : Croceine croaker ,  Large yellow croaker .
    Japanese : Fûsei .
    Portuguese : Roncadeira-amarela-maior .
    Remarks
    In Species 2000 (Checklist Query) valid name is Pseudosciaena crocea.
    Bibliography
    Chan, W. & U. Bathia. - 1974Sciaenidae. In: W. Fischer; P.J.P. Whithead (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Estern Indian Ocean (fishing area 57) and Western Central Pacific (fishing area 71). Volume. I, Rome Fao, pag. var.
    Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org
    Okamura, O. - 1984 Sciaenidae. In: H. Masuda; K. Amaoka; C. Araga; T. Uyeno; T. Yoshino (eds.). The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokai. Univ. Press. 161-163. Species 2000 Dynamic (Checklist Query).
    Vera, J. - 1992Diccionario multilingüe de especies marinas para el mundo hispano. Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación. Secretaria General Técnica. 1282 pp.
     
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