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Pagrus caeruleostictus:   (click for more)

Pagrus caeruleostictus:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Semapagrus auriga  non Valenciennes, 1843: Chabanaud and Monod, 1927: 269.
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  • Pagrus ehrenbergii  Valenciennes, 1830, in Cuv. and Val., Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 6; 155 (eastern Mediterranean). 3 syntypes: MNHN 4598 (Egypt).
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  • Pagrus bertheloti  Valenciennes, 1843, in Webb and Berthelot, Hist. nat. Canaries, 2: 33 (Canary Islands). Holotype: MNHN A7750.
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  • Pagrus auriga  non Valenciennes, 1843: Günther, 1859, partim: 471.
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  • Pagrus bocagei  Günther, 1860. Proc. Zool. Soc. London: 391, pl. 11 (Lisbon).
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  • Pagrus caeruleostictus  Steindachner, 1868, 57: 973 (Tenerife).
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  • Pagrus careuleostictus  Fowler, 1936, 2: 822, fig. 355.
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  • Evynnis ehrenbergii  Akazaki, 1974: 178, fig.
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  • Sparus ehrenbergi  Lloris and Rucabado,, 1979: 100, fig. 8.
    FAO Names
    En - Bluespotted seabream, Fr - Pagre à points bleus, Sp - Hurta(=Zapata).
    3Alpha Code: BSC     Taxonomic Code: 1703919101
    Scientific Name with Original Description
    Chrysophrys caeruleosticta  Valenciennes, 1830, in Cuv. and Val., Hist. Nat. Poiss., v. 6; 110 (Gorée, Senegal; Sainte Croix de Tenerife). Syntype: MNHN 8666 (1) Gorée.
    Diagnostic Features
    Body oval, rather deep and compressed. Head profile regularly convex above, becoming abruptly steeper below eye.  Mouth low, slightly oblique. Jaws very strong, lips thick.  Anterior teeth canine-like, 4 in upper and 6 in lower jaw, followed by blunter teeth that become progressively molar-like and are arranged in 2 or 3 rows. Behind the row of large canine-like there are some smaller teeth.  Gill rakers on first arch 10 to 13 lower and 6 or 7 upper.  Dorsal fin with 11 or 12 spines and 9 to 11 soft rays; the first 2 spines always very short, the third to fifth longest, filamentous in the young. Anal fin with 3 spines and 8 or 9 soft rays. First soft ray of pelvic fins filamentous.  Preopercle unscaled or with a few scattered, small scales. Scales along lateral line 51 to 54.  Colour pink with silvery reflections and large bluish black spots on back and sides. Head darker, particularly on the interorbital space. A dark spot at bases of last dorsal soft rays extending on to the sheath of the fin, but becoming ligther with age. Caudal fin pinkish, the fork edged with black; other fins bluish or pinkish. Old individuals very often with numerous irregular dark spots on head and back; old males with yellow on the head during the reproduction season. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Easthern Atlantic, from Gibraltar to Angola, including the Canary Islands. Also in the Mediterranean and northward to Portugal.
    Habitat and Biology
    Demersal species.Inhabit hard bottoms (rocks and rubble) down to about 150 m depth, the older individuals in the deeper part of this range, the young in inshore areas.
    Sexual maturity is attained at the age of 2 years.  Spawning migrations occur parallel to the coast, with intermittent spawning activity taking place over soft bottoms in shallow water to the north of Cape Verde, throughout the hot season (particulary at its beginning and end).Carnivorous, feeding chiefly on bivalves which it crushes with its powerful jaws. Also crustaceans and fish.
    Size
    Maximum 95 cm; common to 50 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    A seasonal fishery, particularly during the times of spawning concentrations, mainly in the southern part of its range. Less abundant to the north of Agadir and around the Canary Islands. Caught on line gear, with bottom trawls and seines, and in traps (Canary Islands). Separate statistics are not reported for this species.
    Flesh esteemed, marketed fresh, frozen or smoked. Also used for fishmeal and oil.
    Local Names
    ANGOLA : Pargo-ruço ,  Pargo boi ,  Ruço .
    EGYPT : Morgan horr .
    FRANCE : Pagre á points bleus .
    GERMANY : Blaufleckenbrasse .
    GHANA : Sikasika .
    GREECE : Fagrí .
    ISRAEL : Shefarnun mazuy .
    ITALY : Pagro reale maschio .
    LEBANON : Farrydy .
    MALTA : Pagru rar .
    MAROCCO : Zougah .
    MAURITANIA : Daurade rose ,  Kibaro ,  Tamendept .
    POLAND : Pagrus pregacz ,  Pagrus zapata .
    PORTUGAL : Pargo-amargo ,  Pargo-boio ,  Pargo-de-pintas-azuis ,  Pargo-enxofre ,  Pargo-ruço ,  Pargo-zapata ,  Ruço .
    TUNISIA : Jeghalí .
    TURKEY : Trança .
    UNITED KINGDOM : Bluespotted seabream .
    UNITED STATES : Bluepointed porgy ,  Goldenhead porgy .
    YUGOSLAVIA : Pagar ,  Pagar bajaktar .
    Remarks
    Frequently misidentification with Pagrus auriga Valenciennes, 1843.
    Bibliography
    Akazaki, M. - 1974. In: T. Tomiyama, Fisheries in Japan. Sea bream. Tokyo. 181 p., num. col. Phot..
    Bauchot, M.-L. - 1987. Sparidae In: W. Fischer and M.-L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds). Fiches FAO d'Identification des espèces pour les besoins de la pêche (Révison 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. .  Vol. II. Vértebrés: 761-1530..
    Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C. & J.C. Miquel - 1981. Sparidae In: W. Fischer, G. Bianchi and W.Scott (eds). FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Central Atlantic; fishing areas 34, 47 (in part). Canada Funds-in-Trust. Ottawa, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, by arrangement with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. .  Vol. IV : pag. var ..
    Bauchot, M.-L. & J.-C. Hureau - 1990. Sparidae In: J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds). Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT-Portugal, SEI-France, Unesco. .  Vol. II: 790-812..
    Bauchot, M.-L. & J.-C. Hureau - 1986. Sparidae In: P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (FNAM). Unesco, Paris. .  Vol. II: 883-907..
    Chabanaud, P. & Th. Monod. - 1927. Les Poissons de Port-étienne, contribution á la faune ichthyologique de la Région du Cap Blanc (Mauritanie Française). Bull. Com. étud. Hist. Scient. Afr. Occid. Fr. .  1926, 9: 225-287, 33 fig., 3 pl..
    Fowler, H. W. - 1936. The Marine Fishes of West Africa, based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition 1909-15. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. .  70 (2), Nov. 18: 607-1493..
    Günther, A. - 1859. Catalogue of the Acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. 1. Gasterosteidae, Berycidae, Percidae, Aphredoderidae, Pristipomatidae, Mullidae, Sparidae. xxxi + 524 p.. London.
    Lloris, D. & J. Rucabado - 1979. Especies ictiológicas de las expediciones pesqueras realizadas en la plataforma del NW de África (1971-1975). Res. Exp. Cient. .  8: 3-151. 13 fig ..
    Steindachner, F. - 1868. Ichthyologische Notizen. VII. Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien .  57 (1): 965-1008, 5 pl..
    Tortonese, E. - 1973. Sparidae In: J.-C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds). Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Unesco, Paris. .  Vol. I: 405-415..
    Valenciennes, A. - 1830. Historie naturelle des poissons. In: G. Cuvier and A. Valenciennes. Historie naturelle des poissons. Tome Sixième. Livre sixième. Partie I. Des Sparoïdes .  1-425.. in Strasbourg ed.
    Valenciennes, A. - 1843. Ichthyologie des îles Canaries, ou histoire naturelle des poissons rapportés par MM. Webb et Berthelot. In: P.B. Webb et S. Berthelot, Histoire naturelle des Iles Canaries, Paris. .  2 (2): 9-96. pl. 20-23..
     
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