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Helostoma temminckii:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Helostoma striolatum  Kuhl & van Hasselt in Bleeker, 1879: 16.
    FAO Names
    En - Kissing gourami, Fr - Gourami embrasseur, Sp - Gurami besador.
    3Alpha Code: FGO     Taxonomic Code: 1761100601
    Diagnostic Features
    Body laterally compressed and deep.  No teeth in jaws and palate.  Operculum and suboperculum with smooth posterior edge.  Dorsal fin origin above or slightly in advance of pectoral fin; base longer than anal fin base; about 18 spines and 11-12 branched rays; no adipose fin. Anal fin about 16 spines and 12 branched rays. Lateral line interrupted. Caudal fin rounded. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Distributed in the waters of canals, swamps, ponds, and lakes from Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Thailand Malay Peninsula, and Sonda Islands.
    Habitat and Biology
    Found in sluggish or standing waters of canals, swamps, ponds, and lakes from Thailand to Indonesia.Feeds on phytoplankton and zooplankton as well as aquatic insects near the water surface, supplemented with large amounts of plant matter.
    Size
    Rarely to 30 cm; commonly to about 20 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    A highly valued food fish, cultured in central Thailand. Caught by seines, cast nets, and lift nets. Can be kept alive in markets for prolonged periods. Very common in the aquarium trade; Large quantities of small fish are exported for aquarium use in Japan, Europe, North America, Australia and other parts of the world. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 16 900 t. The countries with the largest catches were Indonesia (16 900 t).
    Utilized fresh for steaming, pan-frying, broiling and baking.
    Local Names
    English : Green kisser ,  Kissing gourami ,  Pink kisser .
    Khmer : Trey kantrawb .
    Malay/Indonesian : Tebakang ,  Temakang .
    Polish : Gurami calujacy a. calusek .
    Thai : Pla bai tan ,  Pla mor tan .
    Bibliography
    Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org
    Rainboth, W.L. - 1996FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. Rome, FAO. 1996. 265 pp.
    Vogt, D. & H. Wermuth. - 1966Acuarios y Terrarios. Manual práctico de vivariocultura. Editorial Omega, S. A. barcelona. 284 pp.
     
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