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Sebastes mentella:   (click for more)

Sebastes mentella:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Sebastes marinus  (nonLinnaeus) Ryder, 1887, in Hureau and Litvinenko, 1986.
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  • Sebastes marinus mentella  Andriashev, 1954: 333.
    FAO Names
    En - Beaked redfish, Fr - Sébaste du Nord, Sp - Gallineta nórdica.
    3Alpha Code: REB     Taxonomic Code: 1780100112
    Diagnostic Features
    Preorbital bone with 1 or 2 spinous points over maxilla; suborbital ridge without spine and generally weakly marked; supplemental preopercular spine absent; all 5 preopercular spines about equal in length; supracleithral spine present; 2 opercular spines; other spines present include the nasal, pre, supra ant post-ocular and parietal. Symphyseal knob well developed and sharply projected. Lower preopercular spine directed mostly obliquely forward and downward. Front side of supra-occipital commissure with 2 or 3 pores.  Dorsal fin has 14-16 spines and 13-17 (mostly 14-15) soft rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 7-11 (more often 9 8) soft rays. Pectoral fin with 18-20 rays.  Lateral line with 32-40 (more often 34) scales.  Vertebrae 30-32.  Colour bright red. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    In the Norwegian Sea from Lofoten Is., northward to the western and northern coasts of Spitsbergen, in te southern part of the Barents Sea, rarely to 35° E, on the Iceland-Faroes Ridge, around Iceland and along the coast of Greenland. Elsewhere from the south-eastern coast of Baffin Is., southward to latitude of Long Island.
    Habitat and Biology
    Benthic and bathypelagic species, mostly offshore, not rare above the great ocean depths;found between 300 and 1000 m.Gregarious throughout life.Feeds on euphausiids, hyperiids, cephalopods, chaetognaths and small fishes.
    Ovoviviparous; insemination of the females in August-September (Barents Sea) or from September to mid-December (off Iceland); fertilization of the oocytes during January-February (Barents Sea) or in March (Iceland); release of larvae in April-May or June. 
    Size
    Attains about 55 cm; usually to 40 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Below of the 500 m depth replaced to Sebastes marinus (Linnaeus, 1758).
    Utilized fresh and frozen; eaten fried, broiled, microwaved and baked.
    Local Names
    Danish : Dybhavsrødfisk .
    Bibliography
    Hureau, J.-C., & N.I. Litvinenko. - 1986Scorpaenidae In: P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (FNAM). Unesco, Paris. Vol. III: 1211-1229.
    Leim, A. H., & B. Scott - 1966Fishes of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada. .  Bulletin nº 155: 485 pp.
     
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