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Psettodes erumei:   (click for more)

Psettodes erumei:   (click for more)

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  • Pleuronectes erumei  Schneider, 1801: 150 (original description).
  • Hippoglossus erumei  Cuvier, 1829: 340.
  • Hippoglossus dentex  Richardson, 1845: 102.
  • Hippoglossus orthorhynchus  Richardson, 1846: 15.
  • Hippoglossus goniographicus  Richardson, 1846: 279.
  • Sphagomorus erumei  Cope, 1869: 407.
  • Psettodes goniographicus  Bleeker, 1873: 130.
    FAO Names
    En - Indian halibut, Fr - Turbot épineux-indien, Sp - Lenguado espinudo-indio.
    3Alpha Code: HAI     Taxonomic Code: 1830700101
    Diagnostic Features
    Body oval and flat, but thicker than in most other flatfishes. Mouth large with strong teeth; maxillary extends well beyond hind edge of lower eye; both eyes on left or right side; upper eye lying immediately below dorsal edge.  Gillrakers not developed.  Dorsal fin origin well posterior to eyes; anterior fin rays spinous.  Lateral line almost straight.  Colour usually brown-grey, sometimes with 4 broad, dark crossbars. Dorsal, anal and caudal fin tips blanck. Blind side occassionally partially coloured. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Found almost throughout the area, except south of Delagoa Bay and off the southwest, south and east coast of Madagascar. Also widespread in the Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Central Pacific.
    Habitat and Biology
    Benthic, Lives on muddy and sandy bottomsof the continental shelf down to about 100 meters depth.Feeds mainly on bottom-living animals (usually piscivorous).
    Maximum about 60 cm; common to 40 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Caught mainly with bottom trawls. The most common fishing techniques are "demersal bottom trawling" and "groundfish longlining". The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 19 170 t. The countries with the largest catches were Indonesia (10 420 t) and Thailand (7 900 t).
    Marketed mainly fresh. Utilized also smoked and frozen. Processed into fish flour.
    Local Names
    Afrikaans : Adalah .
    Arabic : Kelabiya ,  Khelb al bahar .
    English : Adalah ,  Indian halibut ,  Indian spiny turbot ,  Queensland halibut ,  Tropical halibut .
    Ilokano : Dadali .
    Malay/Indonesian : Jaring ,  Lidah ,  Pila-pila ,  Sebelah ,  Sisa nabi ,  Tipo ,  Togok .
    Polish : Jezor indyjski .
    Portuguese : Solhao .
    Somalian : Sheer-Sherto .
    Tagalog : Dapa ,  Kalangkao .
    Fischer, W.; G. Bianchi (eds.). - 1984 FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Prepared and printed with the support of the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). Rome, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Vol. I-6: pag. var.
    Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org
    Norman, J. R.- 1934 A systematic monograph of the flatfishes (Heterosomata). Vol. I: London: 459 pp.
    Sommer, C., W. Schneider & J.-M. Poutiers. - 1996FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Somalia. Rome, FAO: 376 pp.
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