| ||Pleuronectes platessoides Faber, 1829|
| ||Pleuronectes limanda Linnaeus, 1758, (original description).|
| ||Pleuronectes limandula Bonnaterre, 1788: 75.|
| ||Platessa limanda Cuvier, 1817: 221.|
| ||Limanda vulgaris Gottsche, 1835: 160.|
| ||Limanda oceanica Bonaparte, 1846: 48.|
| ||Pleuronectes linguatula Gray, 1854: 88.|
| ||Pleuronectes (Limanda) limanda Danois, 1913: 100.|
|En - Common dab, Fr - Limande, Sp - Lenguadina.|
3Alpha Code: DAB Taxonomic Code: 1830202405|
|Body rather deep, its depth 2 to 2.5 times in standard length. Mout rather small, reaching only to just in front of lower eye.
Ctenoid scales on eyed side, cycloid scales on blind side.
Dorsal finrays 65 to 81. Anal finrays 50 to 64.
Lateral line scales 73 to 90.
Coloration usually warm sandy-brown, varying from light brown to grey-brown with small darker freckles on the eyed side; on the blind side white.
|Eastern Atlantic, from Bay of Biscay to White Sea, also Iceland.|
|Habitat and Biology|
|Benthic, lives mainly on sandy bottoms,from a few meters to about 150 m.Feeds mainly on crustaceans, molluscs, worms and small fishes.|
Spawns from January to August; larvae settle at depths of 10-20 m.
|To 42 cm, seldom more than 30 cm.|
|Interest to Fisheries|
|Moderately important to the fishing industry and is caught mainly in trawls and Danish seines It is also popular with anglers, despite its small size, for it is common in inshore waters and takes a bait eagerly. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 20 943 t. The countries with the largest catches were Netherlands (8 656 t) and Iceland (3 981 t).|
Marketed fresh, dried/salted, smoked and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked.
Common dab ,
Garve fluke ,
Sand dab .|
Limande commune .|
Solha escura do mar do norte .|
Limanda nordica .|
Alegre, M., J. Lleonart & J. Veny. - 1992 Espècies Pesqueres d'interès comercial. Nomenclatura oficial catalana. Generalitat de Catalunya. Departament de Cultura, DARP, TERMCAT. 64 pp.
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org
Nielsen, J. G. - 1986 Scophthalmidae. In: P.J.P. Whitehead et al., (eds.). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (FNAM). Unesco, Paris, vol. III: 1299-1307.
Norman, J. R. - 1934 A systematic monograph of the flatfishes (Heterosomata).Vol. I: London: 459 pp.
Wheeler, A. - 1978 Key to the Fishes of Northern Europe. A guide to the identification of more than 350 species. Frederick Warne (Publishers) Ltd., London. 380 pp.