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Limanda limanda:   (click for more)

Limanda limanda:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Pleuronectes platessoides  Faber, 1829
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  • Pleuronectes limanda  Linnaeus, 1758, (original description).
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  • Pleuronectes limandula  Bonnaterre, 1788: 75.
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  • Platessa limanda  Cuvier, 1817: 221.
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  • Limanda vulgaris  Gottsche, 1835: 160.
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  • Limanda oceanica  Bonaparte, 1846: 48.
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  • Pleuronectes linguatula  Gray, 1854: 88.
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  • Pleuronectes (Limanda) limanda  Danois, 1913: 100.
    FAO Names
    En - Common dab, Fr - Limande, Sp - Lenguadina.
    3Alpha Code: DAB     Taxonomic Code: 1830202405
    Diagnostic Features
    Body rather deep, its depth 2 to 2.5 times in standard length. Mout rather small, reaching only to just in front of lower eye.  Ctenoid scales on eyed side, cycloid scales on blind side.  Dorsal finrays 65 to 81. Anal finrays 50 to 64.  Lateral line scales 73 to 90.  Coloration usually warm sandy-brown, varying from light brown to grey-brown with small darker freckles on the eyed side; on the blind side white. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Eastern Atlantic, from Bay of Biscay to White Sea, also Iceland.
    Habitat and Biology
    Benthic, lives mainly on sandy bottoms,from a few meters to about 150 m.Feeds mainly on crustaceans, molluscs, worms and small fishes.
    Spawns from January to August; larvae settle at depths of 10-20 m. 
    Size
    To 42 cm, seldom more than 30 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Moderately important to the fishing industry and is caught mainly in trawls and Danish seines It is also popular with anglers, despite its small size, for it is common in inshore waters and takes a bait eagerly. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 20 943 t. The countries with the largest catches were Netherlands (8 656 t) and Iceland (3 981 t).
    Marketed fresh, dried/salted, smoked and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked.
    Local Names
    Catalan : Limanda .
    Danish : Ising ,  Slette .
    Dutch : Schar .
    English : Common dab ,  Dab ,  Garve ,  Garve fluke ,  Sand dab .
    Finnish : Hietakampela .
    French : Limande ,  Limande commune .
    German : Kliesche ,  Scharbe .
    Greek : Chromatida .
    Icelandic : Sandkoli .
    Italian : Limanda .
    Japanese : Karei .
    Norwegian : Sandflyndre .
    Polish : Zimnica .
    Portuguese : Solha escura do mar do norte .
    Serbo-Croat : Iverak .
    Spanish : Lengua ,  Limanda ,  Limanda nordica .
    Swedish : Sandskädda .
    Turkish : Pisi baligi .
    Bibliography
    Alegre, M., J. Lleonart & J. Veny. - 1992 Espècies Pesqueres d'interès comercial. Nomenclatura oficial catalana. Generalitat de Catalunya. Departament de Cultura, DARP, TERMCAT. 64 pp.
    Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org
    Nielsen, J. G. - 1986 Scophthalmidae. In: P.J.P. Whitehead et al., (eds.). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (FNAM). Unesco, Paris, vol. III: 1299-1307.
    Norman, J. R. - 1934 A systematic monograph of the flatfishes (Heterosomata).Vol. I: London: 459 pp.
    Wheeler, A. - 1978 Key to the Fishes of Northern Europe. A guide to the identification of more than 350 species. Frederick Warne (Publishers) Ltd., London. 380 pp.
     
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