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Microstomus kitt:   (click for more)

Microstomus kitt:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  • Pleuronectes kitt  Walbaum, 1792: 120 (original description).
    FAO Names
    En - Lemon sole, Fr - Limande sole, Sp - Mendo limón.
    3Alpha Code: LEM     Taxonomic Code: 1830204504
    Diagnostic Features
    Body rather deep. Its depth two to three times in standard length. Mout very small, not reaching lower eye. Lateral line with a slight curve above pectoral fin;  scales 110-125.  First interhaemal spine not projecting in front of anal fin. Dorsal finrays 85 to 97. Anal finrays 69 to 76; eyed side marbled with thick skin and partly embedded cycloid scales.  Colour generally warm brown with irregular mahogany markings and flecks of yellow and green on the eyed side. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Eastern Atlantic, from the Bay of Biscay to the White Sea and off Iceland.
    Habitat and Biology
    Benthic, lives on a wide range of bottoms from mud (exceptionally), and sand, gravel, even rocky grounds,in depths of 20-200 m,particularly on offshore banks.Feeds on a variety of small invertebrates, but worms seem to dominate. Apparently they do not feed in wintertime.
    It spawns in spring and summer in depths of 100 m.  It becomes sexually mature at 3-4 years (males), 4-6 years (females), and may live for 17 years.
    Size
    To about 45 cm, seldom more than 20-30 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    It is a moderately important food-fish, caught mainly in trawls. The most common fishing techniques are "demersal bottom trawling" and "small flatfish (flounders, soles) bottom trawling". The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 14 152 t. The countries with the largest catches were UK (5 010 t) and Iceland (1 860 t).
    Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, microwaved and baked.
    Local Names
    Catalan : Microstom ,  Pelaia groga .
    Danish : Rødtunge .
    Bibliography
    Alegre, M., J. Lleonart & J. Veny. - 1992Espècies Pesqueres d'interès comercial. Nomenclatura oficial catalana. Generalitat de Catalunya. Departament de Cultura, DARP, TERMCAT. 64 pp. Catalog On Line. Fishbase: ICLARM .
    Muus, B.J. & P. Dahlström. - 1971 Guia de los peces de mar. Pesca, Biología, Importancia económica. Ed. Omega, S.A. Barcelona. 259 pp.
    Nielsen, J. - 1986 Pleuronectidae. In: P.J.P. Whitehead et al., (eds.). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (FNAM). Unesco, Paris, vol. III: 1299-1307.
    Wheeler, A. - 1978Key to the Fishes of Northern Europe. A guide to the identification of more than 350 species. Frederick Warne (Publishers) Ltd., London. 380 pp.
     
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