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Lophius piscatorius:   (click for more)

Lophius piscatorius:   (click for more)

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  • Batrachus piscatorius  Risso, 1810: 47-49.
  • Lophius piscator  Mitchill, 1815: 465-467.
  • Lophius eurypterus  Düben & Koren, 1846: 63-72.
  • Lophius piscatorium  Pardo, 1919: fide F. de Buen, 1926: 78.
    FAO Names
    En - Angler(=Monk), Fr - Baudroie commune, Sp - Rape.
    3Alpha Code: MON     Taxonomic Code: 1950100101
    Diagnostic Features
    Body and head strongly depressed.  Gill openings extending below and behind pectoral fin base.  Dorsal finrays VI + 11-12; esca (fleshy appendage at end of first dorsal spine) bifid, composed of 2 broad, flattened, leaf-like blades; dorsal spines II-VI long, stout and bearing numerous well-developed tendrils; length of fouth dorsal spine greater than snout width. Anal finrays 9-10.  Peritoneum pale.  Colour in preservative highly variable, uniform or mottled light to very dark brown above, white below; dorsal surface of pectoral fin as body proximally, darker distally; ventral surface of pectoral fin white with dark brown band on distal quarter; pelvic fins white with dusky interradial membranes; all fin rays with pale tips; esca as described above, black spot at base; illicium pigmented as dorsal body surface. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Mediterranean, Black Sea, eastern North Atlantic from Straits of Gibraltar to south-western Barents Sea.
    Habitat and Biology
    Benthic,from shallow, inshore waters to 500 m.Feeds mainly on fishes, occasionally sea-birds.
    Spawning February-July. 
    Attains a maximum length of 200 cm; common 20-100 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Caught commercially with bottom trawls, gill nets, and bottom longlines. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 53 322 t. The countries with the largest catches were UK (16 989 t) and France (10 592 t).
    Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, sautéed, broiled, fried, microwaved and baked.
    Local Names
    Arabic : Kott ,  Zaâl lfoundou .
    Catalan : Buldroi ,  Granota de mar ,  Rap .
    Danish : Bredflab ,  Havtaske .
    Dutch : Hozemond ,  Zeeduivel .
    English : Anglerfish ,  Angler fish ,  Monk .
    Finnish : Merikrotti .
    French : Baudroie ,  Baudroie commune .
    German : Seeteufel .
    Greek : Vatrachópsaro ,  Vatrochópsaro .
    Hebrew : Shed yam .
    Icelandic : Skötuselur .
    Italian : Martino ,  Rana pescatrice ,  Rospo .
    Japanese : Anko .
    Maltese : Petrica .
    Manx : Guilley-pern .
    Norwegian : Breiflabb .
    Portuguese : Diabo-marinho ,  Tamboril .
    Serbo-Croat : Grdobina .
    Spanish : Rape blanco .
    Swedish : Marulk .
    Turkish : Fener ,  Fener baligi .
    Bini, G. - 1965Catálogo de los nombres de peces, moluscos y crustáceos de importancia comercial en el Mediterráneo. FAO, Rome: i-xv + 407 pp.
    Buen, F. de. - 1926Catálogo ictiológico del Mediterráneo Español y de Marruecos, recopilando lo publicado sobre peces de las costas mediterráneas y próximas del Atlántico (Mar de España). Resultados Camp. Int. Inst. esp. Oceanogr., 2: 1-221.
    Caruso, J. H. - 1983The systematics and distribution of the Liphiid anglerfishes: II. Revisions of the genera Lophiomus and Lophius. Copeia, 1983 (1): 11-30.
    Caruso, J. H. - 1986 Lophiidae. In: P.J.P. Whitehead et al., (eds.).Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (FNAM). Unesco, Paris, vol. III: 1362-1363. Fishbase: ICLARM .
    Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org
    Lloris, D, J. Rucabado, LL del cerro, F. Portas, M. Demestre & A. Roig. - 1984Tots els peixos del mar Català. I: Llistat de Cites i de referències. Treballs Soc. Cat. Ict. Herp., 1: 1-208. S
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