Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculturepour un monde libéré de la faim
Département des pêches et de l'aquaculture
The collection of capture statistics has been separated from aquaculture since 1996, for the period 1950-1995 capture and aquaculture were compiled together in the total production statistics.
Méthode de collecte : Data are collected by the following forms:
"FISHSTAT NS 1", this questionnaire is dispatched to countries on an annual basis, requesting information on nominal catch data for all commercial, industrial, subsistence, and recreational fishery operations in all inland and marine fishing areas. Where applicable, FISHSTAT NS 1 is supplemented by forms NS 6 for aquatic mammals, NS 7 for crocodiles, NS 8 for pearls, sponges and corals, NS 9 for aquatic plants.
"FISHSTAT NS 2" is intended for reporting data on capture production from inland waters. Those countries where the collection of statistics on inland fisheries is allocated to an administrative unit different from that in charge of marine fisheries are requested to fill in this questionnaire.
Méthode de traitement : Where officially reported national statistics are lacking or are considered unreliable, FAO/FIPS makes estimates based on the best information available. Such data are flagged with an "F".When alternative sources of information are missing, the most recent officially reported data are repeated such data are flagged with an "R".
Mécanisme de validation : National statistics are validated through analysis, exchanges with Regional Bodies, discussions at working groups, comparative intelligence, expert advice, comparisons with trade, etc.
For major group 36 (tunas, bonito and billfishes), in order to improve coverage of world tuna catch statistics, national offices sources reported to FAO are confronted with statistics transmitted by regional bodies collecting tuna catch statistics.
Mécanisme de validation : There are three potential sources of tuna data discrepancies between records held by FAO/FIPS and regional bodies: 1) different sources; 2) different data coverage (e.g. exclusion of artisanal catches in the data collected by regional bodies; and 3) different dissemination timing.
Consistency and Accuracy
To facilitate the reporting of consistent and accurate world capture statistics, FAO/FIPS provides internationally agreed definitions for determining the nationality of the catch and the criteria for separating capture and aquaculture production.
The flag of the vessel performing the essential part of the operation catching the fish should be considered the paramount indication of the nationality assigned to the catch data. Aquatic organisms which are exploitable by the public as a common property resource, with or without appropriate licences, are the harvest of fisheries, while aquaculture production implies some form of intervention in the rearing process and individual or corporate ownership of the stock being cultivated.