The Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS)
The Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) was created in 1991 in response to the desire of many nations to improve understanding and management of the marine environment and to improve forecasts of climate change, thereby enabling more sustainable exploitation of marine resources, maintaining healthy ecosystems, improving safety of life and property at sea and along the coast, and providing more advanced warning of natural hazards like storms, storm surges, high waves, excessive rains associated with flooding, and excessive dryness leading to droughts and forest fires.
GOOS is sponsored by UN Agencies (the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, the World Meteorological Organization, and the United Nations Environment Programme, with help from the Food and Agriculture Organization) together with the International Council for Science. The GOOS is designed to provide descriptions of the present state of the sea and its contents, and forecasts of these for as far ahead as possible, and to underpin forecasts of changes in climate. It is not solely operational, but includes work to convert research understanding into operational tools. It is designed to provide products useful to a wide range of users.
Primary objectives of GOOS
GOOS is being implemented through five overlapping phases
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