Codes of practice
This figure represents a code of practice for the responsible use of introduced species. The process is interactive in order to modify proposals and act on advise of review
The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and the European Inland Fishery Advisory Commission have developed codes of practice on the use of introduced species. These codes generally apply to the purposeful movement of aquatic species, for example, in fisheries, biological control, aquaculture, and for research. There are also guidelines and policy concerning species introduced inadvertently through ballast water or on ships' hulls.
The basic Code (see figure) requires that:
The Code is general and can be adapted to specific circumstances and resource availability, but it should not lose any of the above requirements nor should it lose the rigor at which the requirements are applied. For example, a regulatory agency may require a proposal to contain a first evaluation of the risk/benefits and this evaluation would then be forwarded to an independent review or advisory panel; or the advisory panel could make the first evaluation of a proposal. Similarly, states may require quarantine procedures to be explicitly described in the proposal before approval is granted.