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Consulting market price information
Consulting market price information

Fishery commodities: production and trade

This database contains statistics on the annual production of fishery commodities and imports and exports (including re-exports) of fishery commodities by country and commodities (including processing method) in terms of volume and value from 1976.

The data are coded using the FAO International Standard Statistical Classification of Fishery Commodities (ISSCFC) which is derived from the United Nations Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC Rev. 3) and linked to the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System of the World Customs Organization (formerly the Customs Co-operation Council). The database is organized by: about 245 countries, territories or land areas; approximately 800 species/commodity items included in the FAO ISSCFC.

The quality of these data varies depending on each country's ability to collect and compile such statistics. Data are verified for accuracy and completeness by all information at disposal, such as foreign trade statistics, industry and commodities reports, and correspondence with countries when data are questionable.

Production statistics refer to the quantities of preserved and processed fishery commodities produced both ashore and on-board vessels utilising catches from commercial fisheries and aquaculture production. Products from imported raw materials are also included. Data are expressed in tonnes and refer to the net weight of the commodities, i.e. excluding the weight of the container.

Statistics include species from which the commodity is produced, the commodity form (whole, filleted, shucked, etc.) and form of preservation (fresh, frozen, canned, cured, meal, etc.). They do not include turtles, frogs and crocodiles. Products such as costume jewellery and fish leather are also excluded.

Whenever national offices fail to report or do not report in time, estimates are provided by FAO. In the absence of other information, export data are used as production estimates and the returns of major trading partners are used as trade estimates. Data for non-reporting countries are also estimated using published national reports, industry association reports and other relevant material. Such estimates are appropriately flagged.

Trade statistics are important data collected and disseminated
Trade statistics are important data collected and disseminated

International trade statistics refer to the quantities and values of annual imports and exports (including re-exports when applicable) of fish and fishery products. Quantities are expressed in tonnes (product weight), and values are expressed in thousand US$. The conversion from national currencies into US$ is done by applying average annual exchange rates from the International Monetary Fund. Imports are generally valued "c.i.f." and exports "f.o.b.". The trade is general trade; exceptions are indicated in the notes of the FAO fisheries commodities yearbook.

Import and export trade statistics are obtained primarily from country reports provided to FAO in published form or on computer tapes. About 100 countries, including the major fish trading nations, provide data on magnetic tapes.

Fishing vessel production can be landed and sold at foreign ports or off-loaded onto a foreign country vessel in international waters and thus sold to a foreign country. In both cases, according to definitions used to compile fishery statistics, these are considered respectively as exports and imports. A number of countries do not categorise these transactions as foreign trade. When data on these types of transactions are available, the reported estimate of trade is adjusted by including these data.

Country of origin for imports or country of destination for exports are not included in the database. Data refer to the calendar year, except for a few countries which report data on a split year basis (in which case data are shown under the calendar year in which the split year ends).


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