Aquaculture comprises diverse systems of farming plants and animals in inland and coastal areas, many of which have relevance for the poor. Fisheries continue to play an important role, and in many areas remain adequate to satisfy subsistence and may even offer a valuable source of cash income for farmers. Aquaculture becomes an attractive and important component of rural livelihoods in situations where increasing population pressures, environmental degradation or loss of access limit catches from wild fisheries. The benefits of aquaculture in rural development relate to health and nutrition, employment, income, reduction of vulnerability and farm sustainability.
The Department activities specifically focused on aquaculture are:
Greater awareness of, and improved policy environments and adequate technical capacities for, sustainable aquaculture practices should lead to overall sound sustainable management and conservation of these resources in line with the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Improved local, national and regional capacities to implement practices for the sustainable intensification of production systems in aquaculture should result in a substantial increase in fish supplies.