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Small-scale fisheries are commonly carried out in resource systems and community environments in which other sectoral interests and influences are also present. These will typically affect the quality or access to resources, social and economic pressures for livelihoods, and conflicts across and between different interests at local and national levels. Policy and management approaches for small-scale fisheries therefore need to account for these interactions and where necessary take up explicit cross-sectoral actions.

The most common issues in inland areas concern multiple use water bodies and interactions with irrigation, industrial use and discharges, and water supply and sanitation, while in coastal areas, interactions with coastal land use, industrial and agricultural discharges, oil and petrochemical impacts, urban development and marine transport are common issues for cross-sectoral management.

 
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