Scope - Global Record
The scope of a Global Record is intended to describe its parameters and what should be included within the record. In this respect, final decisions will be made by FAO member-States at the Technical Consultation in late 2010. When considering ‘scope’ there are three important parameters to evaluate:
The Report of the Expert Consultation on the Development of a Comprehensive Global Record of Fishing Vessels. Rome, 25–28 February 2008. suggests that the scope should be broad so that the Record can achieve its goal as a comprehensive, effective tool and not be duplicative of other existing databases and mandatory unique identifiers.
What type of vessels should be included in the Global Record?The 2005 Rome Declaration on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing - Adopted by the FAO Ministerial Meeting on Fisheries Rome, 12 March 2005 in calling for the development of a comprehensive global record of fishing vessels within FAO, specifically sought to include refrigerated transport vessels and supply vessels. This broad application recognised the significant role that such vessels play in facilitating IUU fishing. The Expert Consultation which assessed the Global Record concept in 2008 reinforced the Rome Declaration call for a broad scope. It suggested that the scope of the record should capture data on all vessels in the supply chain. With this in mind, the Expert Consultation suggested that it would be useful to rely on other pre-existing instruments for definitions of the key terms ’fishing’, ‘vessel’, and ‘fishing related activities’ in order to define the scope of coverage of the Global Record. The definitions found in the newly agreed Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing. Rome. FAO Conference - Thirty-sixth Session. 18 - 23 November 2009 are identified as particularly useful, noting the need to exclude recreational fishing vessels.
Which vessels should be included within the Global Record (size, use, etc.)?
Fishing vessel registration and the maintenance of a comprehensive record of fishing vessels are fundamental pillars for effective fisheries management at the national level and essential for collaborative effort at the regional and global levels. Their importance is recognised in most major international fisheries instruments of recent years but despite this, comprehensive data on the world’s fishing fleets is not readily available.
The EU Fleet Register (one of the few publicly available vessel records) provides an interesting case study into fleet dynamics. At the end of 2009, the EU Fleet Register listed some 84,800 fishing vessels, of which 3,655 were greater than 100 gross tonnes (GT) and a further 2,755 were between 50 – 100 GT. The vast majority (78,625) were less than 50 GT. In terms of length overall (LOA), 3,519 vessels were greater than 24 metres LOA, 3,602 were between 18 – 24 metres LOA, 2,441 were between 15 – 18 metres LOA, and a further 5,003 were between 12 – 15 metres LOA. Again the vast majority (70,270) were less than 12 metres LOA (defined as small-scale under EU Council Regulation (EC) No 2792/1999).
What other vessel-related information should be included in the Global Record?
The diagram below provides an insight into the types of vessel-related information that might be displayed through the Global Record. There is virtually no limit to the type of information that could be displayed but in order for it to be accurately linked to a specific vessel, it will need to be associated with the ‘unique vessel identifier’ (UVI) for that vessel. The importance of this association will need to be considered by States when they collect information so that the UVI is incorporated as one of the information requirements.
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