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The authorities are the Maritime Authority, Dirección de Marina Mercante (DIMAR), and the Fishery Authority, Dirección Nacional de Recursos Pesqueros (DINARA).

Uruguay has four types of fishing licenses:

  • Target species hake (Merluccius hubbsi) fishing area continental shelf of the Uruguayan-Argentinean Common Fishing Zone in depth more than 50 meters
  • Target species white croaker (Micropogonias furnieri) and sea trout (Cynoscion guatucupa), fishing in the coastal zone less than 50 meters depth in the La Plata River and the Uruguayan-Argentinean common fishing zone
  • Various vessels different than A and B, that can fish in Uruguayan waters.
  • Various vessels that fish in international waters. At present these vessels are fishing in FAO statistical area 41, CCAMLR 88.1 and 48.3, and the Pacific Ocean.

Fisheries monitored by VMS

  • The use of VMS is mandatory for all fishing vessels than is more than 10 gross registered tones (toneladas de registro bruto, or TRB), constituting the industrial fishing fleet.
  • Total: 114
    • Continental shelf trawling for hake (M. hubbsi): 27
    • Coastal trawling for white croaker (M. furnieri) and sea trout (C. guatucupa): 31
    • Scallop (Zigochlamys patagonicus) fishery: 2
    • Clam (Pitar rostrata) fishery: 2
    • Flounder (Paralichthys spp.) and Volute (Zidona dufresnei) fishery: 6
    • Deep sea red crab (Chaceon notialis) pot fishery: 2
    • Anchovy (Engaulis anchoita) purse seine: 3
    • Red fish (Helicolenus dactilopterus) trawler fishery: 1
    • Other trawling for croaker (Umbrina canosai), cutlassfish (Trichiurus lepturus) and other percomorphs: 8
    • Squid jigging for Argentine shortfin squid (Illex argentinus): 7
    • Pelagic longlining for tunas, swordfish (Xiphias gladius) and pelagic sharks: 14
    • Bottom longlining for skate and rays (Rajiidae), sea bass (Acanthitius brasiliensis) and wreckfish (Polyprion americanus): 3
    • Toothfish longlining for Patagonian Toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides) and Antarctic Toothfish (D. mawsoni): 4
    • Toothfish longlining and pot fishing for Patagonian Toothfish (D. eleginoides) and Antarctic Toothfish (D. mawsoni): 4

Vessel size range

  • The use of VMS is mandatory for all fishing vessels than is more than 10 gross registered tones (toneladas de registro bruto, or TRB), constituting the industrial fishing fleet.
  • Vessel size (total length (metres), TRB and horsepower (HP):
    • Continental shelf trawling for hake (M. hubbsi): 31-63 m, 85-240 TRB, 900-2 300 HP
    • Coastal trawling for white croaker (M. furnieri) and sea trout (C. guatucupa): 18-30 m, 85-240 TRB, 290-680 HP
    • Scallop (Z. patagonicus) fishery: 40-45 m, 445-465 TRB, 900-2 300 HP
    • Clam (P. rostrata) fishery: 31 m, 253 TRB, 700 HP
    • Flounder (Paralichthys spp.) and Volute (Z. dufresnei) fishery: 19-29 m, 90-188 TRB, 290-1 000 HP
    • Deep sea red crab (C. notialis) pot fishery: 44-60 m, 280-900 TRB, 800-1 800 HP
    • Anchovy (E. anchoita) purse seine: 39-51 m, 465-567 TRB, 1 400-1 600 HP
    • Red fish (H. dactilopterus) trawler fishery: 52 m, 713 TRB, 1 270 HP
    • Other trawling for croaker (U. canosai), cutlassfish (T. lepturus) and other percomorphs: 36-43 m, 180-274 TRB, 600 HP
    • Squid jigging for Argentine shortfin squid (I. argentinus): 46-64 m, 443-992 TRB, 1 000-1 485 HP
    • Pelagic longlining for tunas, swordfish (X. gladius) and pelagic sharks: 15-43 m, 50-600 TRB, 300-1 700 HP
    • Bottom longlining for skate and rays (Rajiidae), sea bass (A. brasiliensis) and wreckfish (P. americanus): 18-51 m, 66-873 TRB, 380-1 200 HP
    • Toothfish longlining for Patagonian Toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides) and Antarctic Toothfish (D. mawsoni): 43-51 m, 291-1 000 TRB, 720-2 100 HP
    • Toothfish longlining and pot fishing for Patagonian Toothfish (D. eleginoides) and Antarctic Toothfish (D. mawsoni): 37-51 m, 274-768 TRB, 600-1 050 HP

Purpose of VMS Monitoring

  • Monitor compliance with national and international fisheries regulations in EEZ and international waters.
  • Fishery control by fleet areas and fishing activity.
  • Control of IUU fishing.
  • In the Uruguay-Argentina Common Fishing Zone, each country exchanges VMS data when a vessel of one country operates in the waters of the other.
  • Uruguay also participates in the CCAMLR centralized VMS Programme.

Security measures

  • Shipboard: security seals on transceiver and antenna
  • Control centres: There are two centres-one at the Maritime Authority (DIMAR) and another at the Fishery Authority (DINARA). The physical and electronic security measures are according to the DIMAR Comisión Técnica (COTEC), and the Navy.

Legal framework

  • National Uruguayan VMS legislation and international agreements:
    • Decree that defines the type of shipboard equipment and responsibilities of the Maritime Authority
    • Decree mandating that all fishing vessels over 10 TRB use VMS
    • Resolution of the Joint Technical Commission for the Argentina-Uruguay Maritime Front (COFREMAR) for the use of VMS for all commercial fishing vessels operating in the Argentine-Uruguay Common Fishing Zone.

Funding strategy

  • Shipboard equipment and message transmissions are funded by the stakeholders.
  • National funds were used for implementation of the system.

Staffing level

  • The Maritime Authority and the Fishery Authority has used their own personnel for VMS operations, including support officers, VMS liaison officers, administrative support, programmers, database administrator, fisheries officers, etc.

Other integrated programmes

  • Participation of Uruguay in the toothfish Catch Documentation Scheme.
  • Verification of Fishery Log data.

Anticipated growth

  • No increase is expected in the number of Category A and B vessels.
  • There could be an increase in the number of Category C and D vessels, in the squid and longline fisheries.
  • The use of VMS is expected to have an increasing role in the verification of Fishery Log data.

 

Contacts

Dr Hebert Nión, Technical Director

Dirección Nacional de Recursos Acuáticos (DINARA)
Montevideo
Uruguay
Telephone: (+598) 2 401 2721
Fax: (+598) 2 401 3216
Send an email
Web site: http://www.dinara.gub.uy

 
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