Reports of the regional vessel monitoring systems workshops: Southwest Indian Ocean, the Caribbean, Central America and Southeast Asia
Four regional workshops on vessel monitoring systems (VMS), respectively covering the Southwest Indian Ocean, Central America, the Caribbean and Southeast Asia, were organized and implemented in succession from September 2003 to October 2004. The workshops were intended to promote the use of VMS as an additional instrument for the management of fisheries, both at a national level and in cooperation with regional fisheries bodies. They comprise one aspect of FAO's larger set of activities to implement the International Plan of Action (IPOA) to Prevent Deter or Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing.
Fishing operations. 1. Vessel monitoring systems
This document summarizes the state of the art of VMS and gives guidance to fisheries administrators considering implementing VMS in their fisheries management systems and to all other personnel involved in fisheries MCS.
FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries
The Code provides principles and standards applicable to the conservation, management and development of all fisheries. It also covers the capture, processing and trade of fish and fishery products, fishing operations, aquaculture, fisheries research and the integration of fisheries into coastal area management.
Global Partnerships for Responsible Fisheries (FishCode)
The Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries is now widely recognized by governments and NGOs as the global standard for setting out the aims of sustainable fisheries and aquaculture over coming decades and as a basis for reviewing and revising national fisheries legislation. FAO member countries requested the Organization to respond to the special requirements of developing countries through an Interregional Assistance Programme for its implementation. FishCode was thus established by the FAO Fisheries department (FI) as a special programme of global partnerships to promote responsible fisheries.
Agreement to promote compliance with international conservation and management measures by fishing vessels on the high seas (“Compliance Agreement”)
This UN agreement was negotiated mainly to prevent the circumvention of international fisheries regulations by "re-flagging" vessels under the flags of States that are unable or unwilling to enforce such measures. As such, the Compliance Agreement closes one of the last major loopholes to sound international fisheries management.
FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries
Technical Guidelines are given in support of the implementation of the Code in relation to fishing operations. These are addressed to States, international organizations, fisheries management bodies, owners, managers and charterers of fishing vessels as well as fishers and their organizations. Guidance is also given with respect to the general public.
International Plan of Action to Prevent, Deter, and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (IPOA-IUU)
The objective of the IPOA is to prevent, deter and eliminate IUU fishing by providing all States with comprehensive, effective and transparent measures by which to act, including through appropriate regional fisheries management organizations established in accordance with international law.
1995 United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement(in force as from 11 December 2001)
The Agreement sets out principles for the conservation and management of those fish stocks and establishes that such management must be based on the precautionary approach and the best available scientific information. The Agreement elaborates on the fundamental principle, established in the Convention, that States should cooperate to ensure conservation and promote the objective of the optimum utilization of fisheries resources both within and beyond the exclusive economic zone.
Report of the Expert Consultation on Data Formats and Procedures for Monitoring, Control and Surveillance. Bergen, Norway, 25 - 27 October 2004
The consultation addressed harmonization of data formats for MCS information that is exchanged internationally, including fishing vessel monitoring system (VMS) reporting procedures, licences and fishing authorizations, exchange of catch certificates and trade documents, electronic fishing logbooks, progress made by the Coordinating Working Party on Fishery Statistics (CWP), and the use of Customs Tariff Codes and linkages with traceability and ecolabelling.
Recent trends in monitoring, control and surveillance systems for capture fisheries
This paper is intended as a second in a series of technical references for all Fisheries Administrators. It is an update of FAO Technical Paper 338, “An introduction to monitoring, control and surveillance for capture fisheries”, and includes updates on new legal agreements and management principles, coastal MCS and safety. It is designed to contribute to efforts to implement coastal and offshore fisheries management and MCS schemes using new and emerging strategies and internationally accepted principles for responsible fishing in accordance with the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries.
European Union Joint Research Centre Monitoring Campaigns: IMPAST
The aim of project "Improving Fisheries Monitoring by Integrating Passive and Active Satellite Technologies" (IMPAST) is to develop a pre-operational system, which will combine information from satellite imagery, specifically synthetic aperture radar (SAR), and VMS (vessel monitoring systems) to improve fisheries monitoring and control.
Report of the Sub-Regional Fisheries Commission Workshop on Vessel Monitoring Systems. Saly, Senegal, 14-17 October 2002
The workshop objectives were to: (a) sensitize the SRFC Member States on the potential of VMS as a complement to their other monitoring, control and surveillance activities; and (b) foster discussions at a technical level leading to the formulation of a subregional strategy for cooperation on VMS.
FAO Advisory Services for Fisheries Monitoring, Control and Surveillance in West Africa (TCP CSRP/INT/3005)
The project for monitoring, control and surveillance (MCS) of industrial fisheries in the countries of the – Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea – as well as Sierra Leone, has the objective of contributing to the protection and conservation of fishery resources through reduction of illegal fishing and its effects on the marine environment, so as to improve the food security and attain economic benefits for the countries concerned.
Guidelines for developing an at-sea fishery observer programme
These Guidelines are intended to help those involved in managing fisheries to understand the range of objectives that an observer programme can meet and how these contribute towards the management of a fishery. The importance of scientific, compliance and information outputs are considered in relation to the requirements for developing and implementing management plans. The Guidelines promote the use of observers as agents capable of contributing to many monitoring, sampling and compliance activities required in modern integrated fisheries management. The different inputs, requirements and outputs of at-sea fishery observer programmes are presented focusing on what they are, how they relate to the objectives of a programme and different options on how to develop them. The Guidelines conclude with a design and maintenance strategy for an observer programme.
International Monitoring, Control and Surveillance Network for Fisheries Related Activities
The Network is an arrangement between national organizations with responsibility for fisheries-related MCS activities. These organizations have been authorized by their nations to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their activities through enhanced cooperation, coordination, and information collection and exchange among organizations responsible for fisheries-related MCS.