The fisheries sector makes an important contribution to the economy of the Lesser Antilles Islands, and most of the countries making up the island grouping are traditional fish eaters. Employment and income are generated in the fisheries sector mainly through commercial fisheries, recreational fishing and tourism. However, many of the fisheries of these countries are artisanal in nature and may represent the only possible source of income for the fishers, reinforcing the importance of the sector to food security.
The pelagic resources of the Lesser Antilles exhibit three characteristics which together require that urgent and comprehensive attention be given to identifying and describing their dynamics and inter-relationships. These are: the fisheries targeting them are expanding; the stocks show widespread distribution throughout the sub-region and beyond; and there are significant biological and technological interactions between them.