Sixth World Congress on Seafood Safety, Quality and Trade Application of risk assessment in the fish industryHandbook of utilization of aquatic plants
利用相关文件Sixth World Congress on Seafood Safety, Quality and Trade Fish and fish products are among the most traded food commodities: close to 40 percent by volume ends up in international markets. Yet around three-quarters of fish exports finish up in just three markets: the European Union, Japan and the United States of America. China is an increasingly important player both as an exporter and an importer. Consumers expect that the fish they have access to will be safe and of acceptable quality, regardless of where they are produced or ultimately consumed. This has given rise to issues regarding fish quality and safety, international trade, risk analysis and harmonization of standards. These and other issues are addressed in this document, which represents the proceedings of the Sixth World Congress on Seafood Safety, Quality and Trade held in Sydney, Australia from 14 to 16 September 2005.The Congress was held under the auspices of the International Association of Fish Inspectors, in collaboration with FAO and the United Nations Industrial ...Application of risk assessment in the fish industry In recent years, the concept of risk has become paramount in international food regulation. Industries are increasingly required to undertake product risk assessment, particularly in the export arena. This publication has been developed as a complete "How to" package on risk assessment for seafood technologists, regulators and health professionals. It is designed in five parts and takes the user from a basic knowledge to being able to conduct credible risk assessments: 1. The basics of risk assessment: definitions and language of the discipline 2. How to perform risk assessments: stepwise progression 3. How to use risk assessments: risk management, Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP), risk profiling 4. Risk Ranger – how to use it 5. Examples of risk assessments: an interactive setting for the readerThis publication also includes the Resources Bank, a CD-ROM, which provides a large amount of additional information for the would-be risk assessor. Book Health ...Handbook of utilization of aquatic plants There are many kinds of aquatic plants which are, or could be, utilized for such purposes as feeds, fuel, building materials, soil improvement and water purification. As some of these plants can also be a nuisance to fisheries, water transportation, or water supply systems, it is desirable to find ways of controlling such vegetation by harvesting and using it. The water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes, is a well-known example of a nuisance plant which could be used in many ways. This volume provides a comprehensive reference to all of the important aspects of utilization of aquatic plants, listing, with annotations, more than 250 books, scientific papers and other publications. The largest section concerns the chemical composition and productivity of various species and a large number of analytical results are quoted. Also included are sections on harvesting and protein extraction, as well as on the various types of uses of these plants. An ...Responsible fish utilization These guidelines have been produced to support the implementation of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries particularly with regard to the need for responsibility in the post-harvest sector of the fish producing industry. The industry that produces fish for food has three major areas of responsibility: to the consumer of the food to ensure that it is safe to eat, is of expected quality and nutritional value, to the resource to ensure that it is not wasted and to the environment to ensure that negative impacts are minimized. In addition the industry has a responsibility to itself to ensure the continued ability of many millions of people throughout the world to earn a gainful living from working within the industry. Article 11.1 of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and other related parts of the Code are concerned particularly with these responsibilities. This publication provides annotation to and guidance on these articles to assist those charged with ...Seafood Safety - Economics of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) programmes Seventy percent of the world's catch of fish and fishery products is consumed as food. Fish and shellfish products represent 15.6 percent of animal protein supply and 5.6 percent of total protein supply on a worldwide basis. Developing countries account for almost 50 percent of global fish exports. Seafood-borne disease or illness outbreaks affect consumers both physically and financially, and create regulatory problems for both importing and exporting countries. Seafood safety as a commodity cannot be purchased in the marketplace and government intervenes to regulate the safety and quality of seafood. Theoretical issues and data limitations create problems in estimating what consumers will pay for seafood safety and quality. The costs and benefits of seafood safety must be considered at all levels, including the fishers, fish farmers, input suppliers to fishing, processing and trade, seafood processors, seafood distributors, consumers and government. Hazard Analysis Critical ...
尽管渔业资源有多种用途, 如娱乐和药用, 但是至今最普遍的用途是作为食物来源。 渔业资源现在为人类提供创纪录数量的食物和其它惠益。全球渔业产量直接用于人类消费的比例在90年代上升：1990年这一比例为71%， 1998年升至79%。90年代鲜鱼消费量显著增长， 而鱼罐头需求下降。不直接供人消费的鱼加工成鱼粉和鱼油。
鱼粉用作饲料， 主要是猪和鸡的饲料，尽管肉食性水生动物， 如大马哈鱼、虾和鲷鱼（占世界水产养殖产量不到10%）也饲喂鱼粉。
按活重计算， 渔业食物总供应量估计相当于全世界年人均大约16公斤。1950年人均7公斤， 自那以来产量增长超过人口增长。需要谨慎看待这些数字， 因为它们不代表个人消费量； 只有在开展食品消费调查的国家才能精确地评估个人消费量。
需要注意鱼的捕获后搬运、保存和运输 ，防止腐烂变质，保存鱼的营养价值， 避免影响健康、费用高昂的鱼传染病。