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FOOD CHAIN CRISIS

Early Warning Bulletin

The Quarterly Early Warning Bulletin integrates information on threats to the food chain and food security for the three months ahead.

It is the result of a collaboration between the Emergency Prevention System (EMPRES) for transboundary animal and plant pests and diseases and food safety threats, the Global Information and Early Warning System (GIEWS) and the Food Chain Crisis Management Framework (FCC). Data is provided by GIEWS and EMPRES.

April 2017 - June 2017
Overview

During the period April-June 2017, Food Chain Crisis (FCC) threats are expected to occur in the regions of Africa, Americas, Asia, and Europe where they will be either persisting within a country, or possibly spreading to neighboring countries, or will be latent and re-emerge/amplify at a certain time.

The dynamic and the likelihood of occurrence of the FCC threats depend on a number of risk factors or drivers. These include agro-ecological factors (e.g. intensive farming systems, deforestation, overgrazing, etc.), climate change (e.g. droughts, flooding, heavy rains, heat waves, the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), changes in vegetation cover, water temperature etc.), human behavior (e.g. cultural practices, conflicts and civil insecurity, trade, etc.) and natural disasters.

Thirty-six animal and plant pests and diseases, aquatic diseases, and forest pests and diseases were monitored during the first quarter of 2017. Thirty-one of these pests and diseases represent a threat to the food chain during the period April-June 2017 in one or more regions:

Animal diseases including zoonotic: African swine fever, Highly pathogenic avian influenza, Rift Valley fever, Foot-and-mouth disease, Lumpy skin disease, Peste des petits ruminants, and Sheep and goat pox.

Aquatic diseases: Epizootic ulcerative syndrome.

Locusts: Desert Locust, Italian Locust, Migratory Locust, Moroccan Locust, Red Locust, Yellow Bamboo Locust, South American Locust.

Plant pests and diseases: Bacterial leaf blight of rice, Banana bunchy top disease, Banana fusarium wilt disease, Fall armyworm, Tomato leaf miner, Wheat rust disease.

Forest pests and diseases: Bark beetles, Blue gum chalcid, Boxwood blight, Boxwood moth, Bronze bug, Chestnut gall wasp, Dry cone syndrome, Pine processionary moth, Red gum lerp psyllid, Western conifer seed bug.

OTHER THREATS:
Red Palm Weevil (RPW) is a key pest of palms originating from south and southeast Asia that has significantly expanded its geographical and host range during the last three decades. In the Near East, North Africa, and the Mediterranean basin, RPW is currently causing widespread damage to date palm Phoenix dactylifera and the Canary Island palm Phoenix canariensis, affecting palm production and quality. This is having a negative impact on the livelihoods of farmers, and on the environment.