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CRISIS DE LA CADENA ALIMENTARIA

Boletín de alerta temprana

El Boletín de alerta temprana, de periodicidad trimestral, integra la información sobre las amenazas para la cadena alimentaria y la seguridad alimentaria durante los tres meses siguientes.

Es el resultado de la colaboración entre el Sistema de Prevención de Emergencias (EMPRES) para las plagas y enfermedades transfronterizas de los animales y las plantas y las amenazas a la inocuidad alimentaria, el Sistema mundial de información y alerta sobre la alimentación y la agricultura (SMIA) y el Marco de gestión de crisis para la cadena alimentaria (FCC). Datos proporcionados por el SMIA y el EMPRES.

January 2017 - March 2017
Highlights

During the period January-March 2017, Food Chain Crisis (FCC) threats are expected to occur in the regions of Africa, America, Asia, and Europe where they will be either persisting within a country, or possibly spreading to neighboring countries, or will be latent and re-emerge/amplify at a certain time.

Out of the 29 animal and plant pests and diseases, aquatic diseases, and forest pests and diseases monitored in January 2017, 22 represent a threat to the food chain during the forecast period January –March 2017 in one or more regions:

Animal and zoonotic diseases: African swine fever, Highly pathogenic avian influenza, Rift Valley fever and Sheep and goat pox.
Aquatic diseases: Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease Enterozytozoon hepatopenaei, Epizootic ulcerative syndrome.
Locusts: Desert Locust, Migratory Locust, Red Locust.
Plant diseases: Banana bunchy top disease, Banana fusarium wilt disease, Wheat rust disease.
Forest pests and diseases: Bark beetles, Blue gum chalcid, Boxwood blight, Boxwood moth, Bronze bug, Chestnut gall wasp, Dry cone syndrome, Pine processionary moth, Red gum lerp psyllid, Western conifer seed bug.

The dynamics and the likelihood of occurrence of the FCC threats depend on a number of risk factors/drivers including agro-ecological factors (e.g. intensive farming systems, deforestation, overgrazing, etc.), climatic changes (e.g. droughts, heavy rains, heat waves, the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), changes in vegetation cover, etc.), human behavior (e.g. cultural practices, conflicts and civil insecurity, trade, etc.) and natural disasters.