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CRISES TOUCHANT LA FILIERE ALIMENTAIRE

Bulletin d'alerte rapide

Le Bulletin trimestriel d'alerte rapide contient des informations sur les menaces qui pèseront sur la filière alimentaire et la sécurité alimentaire dans les trois mois à venir.

Cette publication est le fruit d'une collaboration entre le Système de prévention des crises pour les maladies et les ravageurs transfrontières des animaux et des végétaux et les menaces pour la sécurité sanitaire des aliments, le Système mondial d'information et d'alerte rapide sur l'alimentation et l'agriculture (SMIAR) et le Cadre de gestion des crises pour la filière alimentaire. Les données fournies proviennent du SMIAR et du Système de prévention des crises.

April 2019 - June 2019
Highlights

During the period April to June 2019, Food Chain Crisis (FCC) threats are expected to occur in Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe, where they may persist within a country, spread to neighbouring countries, remain latent, or re-emerge or amplify.

The dynamics and likelihood of occurrence of FCC threats depend on a number of risk factors or drivers. These include agro-ecological factors (intensive farming systems, deforestation, overgrazing, etc.), climate change (droughts, extreme weather events, flooding, heavy rains, heat waves, the El Niño-Southern Oscillation – ENSO –, changes in vegetation cover, water temperature, etc.), human behaviour (cultural practices, conflicts and civil insecurity, trade, etc.) and natural disasters.

In relation to food security, and according to the last “Crop prospects and food situation” report (January to March 2019), FAO estimates that, globally, 40 countries (31 in Africa, eight in Asia, and one in Americas) are in need of external assistance for food. Persisting conflicts continue to be the dominant factor driving high levels of severe food insecurity. Weather shocks have also adversely affected food availability and access. FCC threats can compound food insecurity in fragile countries stricken by weather shocks and conflicts.

MAIN FOOD CHAIN THREATS
Thirty-two plant and forest pests and diseases, locusts and animal and aquatic diseases were monitored and forecasted by FAO experts for the period April to June 2019, among them twenty-seven pests and diseases are forecasted to be of moderate to high likelihood of occurrence as shown in table 3. A total of 275 forecasts were conducted in 119 countries.