食物链危机

预警通报第36期

阅读FCC-EMPRES本月要闻

东非沙漠蝗危机

跨界动植物有病虫害,包括水生和森林病虫害、食品安全和辐射事件不断增加,人类食物链持续受到威胁。

例如,禽流感、小反刍兽疫、蝗虫和其他害虫侵扰、小麦、木薯、玉米和香蕉病害、食源性病原菌以及霉菌毒素等等,就是对人类食物链产生威胁,可能危及人体健康、粮食安全、生计、国民经济和全球市场的一些事例。

粮农组织通过食物链危机管理框架,采取全面、多学科和全机构协作方式应对人类食物链的风险。

STORIES OF CHANGE

Animal vaccination training empowers women in Bangladesh

This is the first story in a series of three short stories on Women’s leading role in animal health. The story is about Helena, a 35-year-old poultry farmer who became a community vaccinator after taking the training offered by the FAO Upazila to Community (U2C) initiative.

After the training, I have been vaccinating my own birds and birds of my neighbours and adjacent villages. Vaccination has dramatically minimized the death of birds from diseases in the area. None of my chicks have died from disease”, says Helena. 
Read the full story

July 2020 - September 2020
Highlights

During the period July to September 2020, Food Chain Crisis (FCC) threats are expected to occur in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and Oceania, where they may persist within a country, spread to neighbouring countries, remain latent, or re-emerge or amplify. The dynamics and likelihood of the occurrence of FCC threats depend on a number of risk factors or drivers. These include agro-ecological factors (intensive farming systems, deforestation, overgrazing, etc.), climate change and variability (droughts, extreme weather events, flooding, heavy rains, heat waves, the El Niño- Southern Oscillation – ENSO), changes in vegetation cover, water temperature, human behaviour (cultural practices, conflicts and civil insecurity, trade, etc.) and natural disasters.

In relation to food security, and according to the last “Crop prospects and food situation” report (July 2020), FAO estimates that globally, 44 countries (34 in Africa, 8 in Asia and 2 in the Americas) need external assistance for food. Persisting conflicts continue to be the dominant factor driving high levels of severe food insecurity. Weather shocks have also adversely affected food availability and access. FCC threats can compound food insecurity in fragile countries stricken by weather shocks and conflicts.

Main Food Chain threats
Twenty- seven plant and forest pests and diseases, locusts and animal and aquatic diseases were monitored and forecasted by FAO experts for the period July to September 2020. A total of 245 forecasts were conducted in 123 countries.

   

FCC article

Farmers look to FAO to help resolve the worsening pest outbreak issue

Pests are major causes of crop yield losses. According to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), between 20 and 40 percent of global crop yields are reduced each year due to damage caused by plant pests (insects and diseases). Continue Reading

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