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FOOD CHAIN CRISIS

Fall Armyworm

Fall Armyworm (FAW), or Spodoptera frugiperda, is a moth that is native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas. In its larva stage, it can cause significant damage to crops, in not well managed. It prefers maize, but can feed on more than 80 additional species of plants, including rice, sorghum, millet, sugarcane, vegetable crops and cotton. In Africa, FAW was first detected in Nigeria in January 2016 and has quickly spread across virtually all of sub-Saharan Africa. Because of trade and the moth's strong flying ability, it has the potential to spread further. Farmers will need great support to sustainably manage FAW in their cropping systems through Integrated Pest Management. 

Key facts on Fall Armyworm

  • Fall Armyworm is a moth native to tropical and subtropical regions
    of the Americas
  • In the African continent, it was first detected in Central and Western
    Africa in early 2016
  • In the larval stage, the insect causes damage to crops, feeding on
    more than 80 plant species
  • FAW primarily affects maize, but also rice and sorghum as well as
    cotton and some vegetables
  • The moth can fly up to 100 km per night
  • The female moth can lay up to a total of 1 000 eggs in her lifetime