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The importance of prevention cannot be overestimated. In this environment of climate change and global marketing of agricultural products, transboundary diseases, pests, and threats to the food chain are increasing, so every effort must be made to prevent them from being introduced and spreading to new environments. Prevention can save lives, save livelihoods and save money.

The purpose of this second edition of the Compendium of monthly FCC-EMPRES information sheets is to share lessons of the last two years on the prevention and control of high impact animal and aquatic diseases, plant and forest pests and diseases and food safety incidents. The Compendium outlines what FCC-EMPRES teams did, what they grasped, and what the challenges to managing transboundary threats are, so that other initiatives may benefit and build upon the knowledge and best practices shared in the stories.

As a way to support countries in taking a One Health approach to address zoonotic diseases, the guide: “Taking a Multisectoral, One Health Approach: A Tripartite Guide to Addressing Zoonotic Diseases in Countries” has been jointly developed by the Tripartite organizations (FAO, OIE, and WHO). This Guide, referred to as the Tripartite Zoonotic Guide (TZG) is flexible enough to be used for other health threats at the human-animal-environment interface; for example, food safety and antimicrobial resistance (AMR).

The TZG provides principles, best practices and options to assist countries in achieving sustainable and functional collaboration at the human-animal-environment interface. Examples and lessons learned from countries experiences are also included.

The report summarizes the major risks to agriculture and food security, including their likelihood and the extent of their prabable impact.

In order to intensisty, the high risk section includes:

  • Yemen
  • South Sudan
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Cameroon
  • Afghanistan
  • 2018/19 El Niño

FAO assesses that globally 40 countries, of which 31 in Africa, continue to be in need of external assistance for food. The impact of conflicts continues to be the main cause of the high level of severe food insecurity. Weather-induced production declines have also negatively impacted food availability.

 
This publication provides reference and general guidance for countries, specifically policy makers and official, to draft and implement policies on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and antimicrobial use (AMU) for food animal production within a One health Approach. It offers practical guide for countries to systematically identify, assess and strengthen AMR and AMU policies.
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