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COUNTRIES REQUIRING EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE FOR FOOD
FAO assesses that globally 39 countries continue to be in need of external assistance for food. Persisting conflicts are the dominant factor driving the high level of severe food insecurity, as well as climate-related shocks which have also adversely impacted food availability and access, according to the new edition of the quarterly Crop Prospects and Food Situation report issued today.

The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It provides a quarterly forward-looking analysis of major disaster risks to food security and agriculture, specifically highlighting:
• potential new emergencies resulting from imminent disaster threats
• new developments in countries already affected by protracted crises which are likely to cause a further deterioration of food insecurity

COUNTRIES REQUIRING EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE FOR FOOD
FAO assesses that globally 39 countries are in need of external assistance for food. Persisting conflicts continue to be the dominant factor driving the high levels of severe food insecurity. Weather shocks have also adversely impacted food availability and access, according to the new edition of the quarterly Crop Prospects and Food Situation report issued today.

REGIONAL HIGHLIGHTS
AFRICA
Poor rains sharply curtailed 2018 production expectations in Southern Africa, while in North Africa prospects are favourable. Abundant rains in East Africa boosted crop prospects in 2018, although they also triggered floods causing losses and damages in the agriculture sector. Agro-pastoralists in West Africa are facing heightened food insecurity due to unfavourable weather conditions, which has also raised uncertainty over 2018 crop prospects. Conflicts in several countries continue to acutely impact agricultural capacities.
ASIA
In the Far East, the 2018 paddy output could reach a record high, supported by government initiatives. By contrast, in the Near East and CIS Asia cereal harvests are anticipated at or below average levels, resting on poor rains, while ongoing conflicts in parts of the Near East continue to incapacitate the agriculture sector.
LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN
A reduced 2018 cereal output compared to last year’s record is expected in South America, on account of dry weather conditions. In Central America and the Caribbean, maize production is set to remain at a high level.

 

En 2015, la FAO a mis en place le projet TCP/SFC/3503 « Appui à la prévention et la gestion de la maladie de Bunchy Top du Bananier (BBTD) au Cameroun, au Gabon et en Guinée Équatoriale. » Pendant 2 ans, le projet a apporté un soutien important au renforcement des capacités des différents acteurs institutionnels et scientifiques des trois pays concernés. Il a permis la conduite de nombreuses enquêtes sur le terrain, en particulier dans les zones frontalières, où la présence du virus a pu être cartographiée.

Grâce aux analyses menées sur les échantillons collectés lors des enquêtes dans les laboratoires de l’IITA au Cameroun, il a été établi que le virus du BBTD est présent dans 8 provinces sur 9 au Gabon et dans le sud du Cameroun. Il n’a pas été identifié en Guinée Équatoriale. Il représente une des plus graves menaces pour l’ensemble des cultures de bananes et plantains. En effet il est hautement contagieux sur courtes et longues distances, et très difficile à éradiquer. Ses effets sont ravageurs : les bananiers deviennent stériles ou produisent des fruits non comestibles. Or la culture de la banane fruit et du plantain est fondamentale en Afrique centrale tant au niveau économique qu’alimentaire.

Dans le cadre du projet, des plans d’Action Rapide d’Eradication (ARE) ont été mis en place. Ils ont permis de réhabiliter les champs identifiés comme infectés, notamment à travers la destruction systématique des plants malades et la réintroduction de matériel végétal sain. Cependant, une sensibilisation continue des populations à la maladie et aux moyens d’y remédier, ainsi que la collaboration des services de douane et de quarantaine, sont fondamentales pour endiguer l’infection et permettre son éradication. La création de supports de communication et le partage d’informations entre parties prenantes permettront de lutter efficacement contre les progrès de cette maladie endémique, et de prévenir une catastrophe phytosanitaire et économique.

The United States Agency for International Development and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations are working together to keep the world safe from infectious disease threats. Their two key programmes – Global Health Security Agenda and Emerging Pandemic Threats – are building animal health capacity to prevent, detect and respond to disease threats in over 30 countries. The Global Health Security Agenda programme develops national capacity to prevent zoonotic and non-zoonotic diseases while quickly and effectively detecting and controlling diseases when they do emerge. The Emerging Pandemic Threats programme improves national capacity to pre-empt the emergence and re-emergence of infectious zoonotic disease and to prevent the next pandemic. Action against emerging pandemic threats is taken through projects on: Avian influenza, Middle East respiratory syndrome, Africa Sustainable Livestock 2050 and Emergency equipment stockpile. With high-impact diseases that jump from animals to humans on the rise, these programmes are reducing the risk to lives and livelihoods from national, regional and global disease spread.

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