CRISES TOUCHANT LA FILIERE ALIMENTAIRE

Publications

Towards integrated and effective animal health–food safety surveillance capacity development in Eastern Africa.

The World Livestock 2013: Changing disease landscapes looks at the evidence of changing disease dynamics involving livestock and explores three key areas: the Pressure, including drivers and risk factors that contribute to disease emergence, spread and persistence; the State, describing the disease dynamics that result from the Pressure and their subsequent impact; and the Response, required both to adapt and improve the State and to mitigate the Pressure.

La Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), maladie hautement contagieuse affectant les moutons et les chèvres, provoque chaque année des pertes considérables, à hauteur de 1,45 à 2,1 milliards de dollars des États-Unis. Depuis qu’elle a été identifiée pour la première fois en Côte d’Ivoire en 1942, la PPR s’est répandue dans environ 70 pays d’Afrique, du Moyen-Orient et d’Asie − régions qui regroupent plus de 80 % des moutons et des chèvres dans le monde, et plus de 330 millions de personnes parmi les plus pauvres de la planète qui en dépendent pour vivre.

Wheat is a source of food and livelihoods for over 1 billion people in developing countries. Drought, floods and diseases severely affect wheat production. Exacerbated by climatic stress, especially in rainfed areas, the impact of wheat diseases is expected to increase.

Considering these challenges, FAO launched the second phase of the Wheat Rust Diseases Global Programme (2014-2017) built on the lessons learned and experience gained thus far. It places specific emphasis on strengthening national surveillance and disease management capacities as well as improved regional.

An estimated three million people around the world, in developed and developing countries, die every year from food and water-borne disease, with millions more becoming sick.

Occurrence of such disease can easily escalate to a food safety emergency situation, which can adversely impact national economies and livelihoods through reduced availability of food for
national consumption, closure of export markets, and/or the high cost of addressing the effects of
the threat.