La Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), maladie hautement contagieuse affectant les moutons et les chèvres, provoque chaque année des pertes considérables, à hauteur de 1,45 à 2,1 milliards de dollars des États-Unis. Depuis qu’elle a été identifiée pour la première fois en Côte d’Ivoire en 1942, la PPR s’est répandue dans environ 70 pays d’Afrique, du Moyen-Orient et d’Asie − régions qui regroupent plus de 80 % des moutons et des chèvres dans le monde, et plus de 330 millions de personnes parmi les plus pauvres de la planète qui en dépendent pour vivre.

Wheat is a source of food and livelihoods for over 1 billion people in developing countries. Drought, floods and diseases severely affect wheat production. Exacerbated by climatic stress, especially in rainfed areas, the impact of wheat diseases is expected to increase.

Considering these challenges, FAO launched the second phase of the Wheat Rust Diseases Global Programme (2014-2017) built on the lessons learned and experience gained thus far. It places specific emphasis on strengthening national surveillance and disease management capacities as well as improved regional.

An estimated three million people around the world, in developed and developing countries, die every year from food and water-borne disease, with millions more becoming sick.

Occurrence of such disease can easily escalate to a food safety emergency situation, which can adversely impact national economies and livelihoods through reduced availability of food for
national consumption, closure of export markets, and/or the high cost of addressing the effects of
the threat.

Following the emergence of the novel influenza A(H7N9) in China in March 2013, FAO released an emergency risk assessment in June 2013 using the data available at that time.

To assess the effects of the expected increase in poultry trade and consumption associated with the upcoming lunar New Year festivities of 31 January 2014, this risk assessment was updated based on information available up to 20 January 2014. The increased trade and consumption could affect the spread of the virus and provide increased opportunity for human exposure...

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