Кризис продовольственной цепи

Публикации

 
This publication provides reference and general guidance for countries, specifically policy makers and official, to draft and implement policies on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and antimicrobial use (AMU) for food animal production within a One health Approach. It offers practical guide for countries to systematically identify, assess and strengthen AMR and AMU policies.

This report is part of FAO’s efforts to systematically link early warnings to anticipatory actions. By providing specific early action recommendations for each country, the report aims to prompt FAO and partners to proactively mitigate and/or prevent disasters before they start to adversely impact food security.
In order of intensity, for the period October to December 2018, the high risk section includes:
• Yemen
• Democratic Republic of the Congo
• South Sudan
• Afghanistan
• Bangladesh and Myanmar
• Syrian Arab Republic
• El Niño
• Fall armyworm

COUNTRIES REQUIRING EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE FOR FOOD
FAO assesses that globally 39 countries continue to be in need of external assistance for food. Persisting conflicts are the dominant factor driving the high level of severe food insecurity, as well as climate-related shocks which have also adversely impacted food availability and access, according to the new edition of the quarterly Crop Prospects and Food Situation report issued today.

The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It provides a quarterly forward-looking analysis of major disaster risks to food security and agriculture, specifically highlighting:
• potential new emergencies resulting from imminent disaster threats
• new developments in countries already affected by protracted crises which are likely to cause a further deterioration of food insecurity

COUNTRIES REQUIRING EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE FOR FOOD
FAO assesses that globally 39 countries are in need of external assistance for food. Persisting conflicts continue to be the dominant factor driving the high levels of severe food insecurity. Weather shocks have also adversely impacted food availability and access, according to the new edition of the quarterly Crop Prospects and Food Situation report issued today.

REGIONAL HIGHLIGHTS
AFRICA
Poor rains sharply curtailed 2018 production expectations in Southern Africa, while in North Africa prospects are favourable. Abundant rains in East Africa boosted crop prospects in 2018, although they also triggered floods causing losses and damages in the agriculture sector. Agro-pastoralists in West Africa are facing heightened food insecurity due to unfavourable weather conditions, which has also raised uncertainty over 2018 crop prospects. Conflicts in several countries continue to acutely impact agricultural capacities.
ASIA
In the Far East, the 2018 paddy output could reach a record high, supported by government initiatives. By contrast, in the Near East and CIS Asia cereal harvests are anticipated at or below average levels, resting on poor rains, while ongoing conflicts in parts of the Near East continue to incapacitate the agriculture sector.
LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN
A reduced 2018 cereal output compared to last year’s record is expected in South America, on account of dry weather conditions. In Central America and the Caribbean, maize production is set to remain at a high level.