食物链危机

出版物

Drought is one of the main causes of food insecurity. In 2011, the horn of Africa has faced the worst drought in 60 years. An estimated 12.4 million people suffered from a massive food shortage. To mitigate the impact of agricultural drought, it is of high importance to dispose of timely and reliable information of the condition of food crops and grassland areas in all regions and countries in the world. The case study would characterize the agricultural drought prone areas of Horn of Africa overlapping socioeconomic variables such smaller or large farmers, irrigation, population, production, etc. The final results would assist the decision makers to better design the adaptation and mitigation plans.

Animal health and economics are closely linked. Any decision taken to prevent, control and eliminate an animal disease is based not only on the technical knowledge available about a particular disease but also on the effectiveness and socio-economic aspects associated with interventions and mitigation measures implemented by governments, producers and all the actors along the livestock value chains.

Economic rationale drives decisions in assessing particular investments which are likely to result in a benefit for society or for a specific stakeholder, including livestock farmers and communities. These guidelines prepared by FAO will contribute to a better understanding of the importance of economic analysis when assessing the impact of a particular animal disease in production, trade, market access, food security and livelihoods of rural communities, or when designing or implementing an animal health strategy at national, regional or global level.

The report focuses on developments affecting the food situation of developing countries and the Low-Income Food-Deficit Countries (LIFDCs) in particular. The report provides a review of the food situation by geographic region, a section dedicated to the LIFDCs and a list of countries requiring external assistance for food. It also includes a global cereal supply and demand overview to complement the biannual analysis in the Food Outlook publication. 

 

Report of the special session of the Joint Meeting of the FAO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Residues in Food and the Environment and the WHO Core Assessment Group on Pesticide Residues Geneva, Switzerland, 9–13 May 2016

The Technical Meeting on Understanding Ebola Virus at the animal-human interface was convened by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to determine the current status of the scientific knowledge on Ebola Viruses (EBOV), identify the major gaps that require further research studies, in order to better understand the disease dynamics at the interface between animals and humans, identify factors that potentiate the emergence, transmission and spread of EBOV, and develop practical and realistic approaches to better prevent and minimize the impacts of this virus. It was also aimed at fostering collaborations and partnerships between institutions and organizations working on Ebola viruses at the human-animal interface. The meeting was organized by FAO and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) from 19-20 January 2016 in Rome.