食物链危机

出版物

The publication provides an overview of the impacts of the El Niño phenomenon on agriculture and food security. El Niño is the warming of sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific, which occurs roughly every two to seven years, lasting from six to 24 months. While the main threat to food production is reduced rainfall and drought in some regions, El Niño can also cause heavy rains and flooding in other regions. Current consequences at global, regional and country level are highlighted (including data on: crop production; livestock production; number of food insecure people) as well as FAO actions and funding requirements.

These guidelines expand upon the articles that address Highly Hazardous Pesticides in the Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management with the objective of helping countries to interpret and apply these articles effectively in order to reduce risks posed by HHPs. Countries are encouraged to identify the HHPs in use, to assess the risks involved and to decide upon appropriate measures to mitigate these risks.

Live poultry markets are an important part of the poultry supply chain in many parts of the world. However, the emergence of avian influenza viruses that can cause severe disease in humans which results from working in or visiting contaminated markets means that some long-standing practices are no longer acceptable. This guide has been produced for live poultry market managers and provides practical options for improving the hygiene and biosecurity of their markets. The guide is structured as a series of questions based on real-life situations and problems

Since 2011, the FAO Subregional Office for Central Asia (FAO-SEC), in close collaboration with the International Winter Wheat Improvement Programme (IWWIP), CIMMYT and ICARDA, and with the support of national consultants in the field of plant protection has provided technical assistance to the countries in the region on the monitoring of diseases, pests and weeds in cereal crops. The main purpose of this work is to collect information about the prevalence of major diseases, pests and weeds, as well as identification of varieties resistant to diseases, particularly to aggressive races of stem rust. The first results of the monitoring of diseases, pests and weeds in cereal crops were discussed at the Regional Experts Consultation Meeting held during 27-28 February 2013 in Almaty, Kazakhstan. Following the meeting, it was decided to prepare unified guidelines for the monitoring of diseases, pests and weeds in cereal crops.

A regular update on the main disease threats monitored and analysed by FAO/AGAH/GLEWS worldwide.