食物链危机

出版物

Towards integrated and effective animal health–food safety surveillance capacity development in Eastern Africa.

The World Livestock 2013: Changing disease landscapes looks at the evidence of changing disease dynamics involving livestock and explores three key areas: the Pressure, including drivers and risk factors that contribute to disease emergence, spread and persistence; the State, describing the disease dynamics that result from the Pressure and their subsequent impact; and the Response, required both to adapt and improve the State and to mitigate the Pressure.

This advocacy document outlines why investing in the control and eradication of peste des petits ruminants is an investment in food security. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), a highly contagious disease affecting sheep and goats, causes a staggering USD 1.45 billion to USD 2.1 billion in losses each year. PPR affects the livelihoods of more than 330 million of the world’s poorest people in over 70 countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia. Eradicating PPR will help improve food security, nutrition, incomes and livelihood resilience of millions of poor farmers around the world. In response to calls from member countries, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Organisation for Animal Health have taken the lead in developing a Global Strategy for the control and eradication of PPR. By making an overall investment of USD 7.1 billion, PPR can be eradicated within 15 years

Wheat is a source of food and livelihoods for over 1 billion people in developing countries. Drought, floods and diseases severely affect wheat production. Exacerbated by climatic stress, especially in rainfed areas, the impact of wheat diseases is expected to increase.

Considering these challenges, FAO launched the second phase of the Wheat Rust Diseases Global Programme (2014-2017) built on the lessons learned and experience gained thus far. It places specific emphasis on strengthening national surveillance and disease management capacities as well as improved regional.

An estimated three million people around the world, in developed and developing countries, die every year from food and water-borne disease, with millions more becoming sick.

Occurrence of such disease can easily escalate to a food safety emergency situation, which can adversely impact national economies and livelihoods through reduced availability of food for
national consumption, closure of export markets, and/or the high cost of addressing the effects of
the threat.