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CRISES TOUCHANT LA FILIERE ALIMENTAIRE

Fiche d'Information FCC-EMPRES

La présente section fait le point des principales activités menées au titre du Cadre de gestion des crises pour la filière alimentaire du Système de prévention des crises, dans le cadre de programmes et d'initiatives couronnés de succès et portant témoignage du rôle que joue la FAO en aidant les pays membres à prévenir les maladies et les ravageurs transfrontières des animaux et des végétaux, à impact élevé, à prévenir les menaces pour la sécurité sanitaire des aliments, à s'y préparer et à y répondre.
Une série de fiches d'information donne un aperçu des initiatives lancées et développées par la FAO, des améliorations apportées et, surtout, des résultats obtenus concernant la prévention des situations d'urgence touchant la filière alimentaire, la préparation de plans d'intervention et les interventions en cas de crises.

Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is one of the most contagious transboundary animal diseases (TADs). FMD is still widespread throughout the world. It still occurs in large parts of Africa, the Middle East and Asia and the countries that are free of FMD today remains under constant threat of an incursion. The disease is well-known for its ability to severely affect and indeed disrupt regional and international trade in animals and animal products. It is also notorious for the enormous financial damage it can cause in FMD-free countries hit by an outbreak. FAO and and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) developed a 15-year global control strategy in 2012 to reduce the burden of FMD in endemic countries and maintain the status of FMD-free countries.

Fall Armyworm (FAW) (Spodoptera frugiperda), is an insect pest of more than 80 plant species, causing damage to economically important cultivated cereals such as maize, rice, sorghum, and also to vegetable crops and cotton. FAO and its partners have been at the forefront of tackling FAW and continue to support prevention, early warning, and effective response. This information sheet presents a critical tool of the FAO’s sustainable management programme for FAW in Africa, which is the FAW Monitoring and Early Warning System (FAMEWS) mobile app. Data from the app provides valuable insights on how the insect populations change over time with ecology, to improve knowledge of its behaviour in Africa and guide best management.

La Fusariose de la Banane est causée par un champignon, le Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense, vivant dans le sol et est l’une des maladies causant le plus de dégâts sur la culture de la banane dans le monde. La nouvelle souche du champignon, la souche tropicale 4 (Foc TR4), a déjà sérieusement affecté les moyens de subsistance des petits producteurs en Asie du Sud-Est. Elle s’est récemment répandue en Afrique (Mozambique) ainsi que dans quelques pays du Moyen-Orient. Cela inquiète quant à la possible diffusion de la maladie au sous-continent indien et à l’Amérique latine.

Rabies is a preventable and fatal viral disease that kills an estimated 59 000 people every year. The virus is transmitted to people and other animals from exposure to the saliva of infected animals through bites and scratches. Most deaths occur in children in poor and rural communities living in Asia and Africa, where awareness about the disease and access to human and dog vaccines is limited. As a result, dog-mediated rabies is still present in over 150 countries, and its true burden is much higher than what is reported as many cases are not recognized or recorded. This underreporting of rabies cases in animals and humans remains the main reason for the lack of reliable data on the number of rabies cases and their impact on communities and society as a whole.

The livestock sector in Mongolia is the main pillar of the rural economy, contributing to 16 percent of the national GDP and providing livelihoods for 30 percent of its population. However, over the decades, the livestock industry has been confronted by occasional flare-ups of transboundary animal diseases (TADs).

Through their Joint Division, support from FAO and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) enabled Mongolia to strengthen capacities in controlling animal diseases, especially transboundary diseases, by boosting research on safe nuclear and nuclear-derived techniques for diagnosis for quicker detection of the disease, training personnel on these techniques, and providing equipment and expert services.

La Fusariose de la Banane est causée par un champignon, le Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense, vivant dans le sol et est l’une des maladies causant le plus de dégâts sur la culture de la banane dans le monde. La nouvelle souche du champignon, la souche tropicale 4 (Foc TR4), a déjà sérieusement affecté les moyens de subsistance des petits producteurs en Asie du Sud-Est. Elle s’est récemment répandue en Afrique (Mozambique) ainsi que dans quelques pays du Moyen-Orient. Cela inquiète quant à la possible diffusion de la maladie au sous-continent indien et à l’Amérique latine.

Fall Armyworm is a transboundary insect pest that feeds on more than 80 crop plants, particularly maize when available, and it is able to move 100 km per night. It can cause significant yield losses if not well managed and has a high potential to affect food security.To support farmers and countries in responding to the FAW threat, FAO has taken a lead role in providing technical expertise, policy advice, training, coordination, and communication on FAW management.

The Red Palm Weevil (RPW) is the most destructive pest of palms, causing widespread damage to several palm species in diverse agro-ecosystems worldwide. This information sheet illustrates Mauritania’s pest management success story through an innovative participatory approach. It describes how FAO engaged farmers of Tidjikja to protect their oasis against RPW with inspection for early detection, treatment techniques, trap management and date palm cleaning.

Rinderpest is a highly contagious disease that, throughout history, has resulted in the mortality of hundreds of millions of livestock and has caused significant disruption and damage to agricultural supply chains throughout the world. FAO, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and regional partners implemented the Global Rinderpest Eradication Programme, which brought an end to the disease in 2011. Rinderpest is the first animal disease to be eradicated worldwide.

This information sheet focuses on the work that the International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN) – a global network jointly managed by FAO and WHO – is doing to prevent, prepare, and respond to food safety events and emergencies. INFOSAN contributes to efficient prevention and control of cross-border spread of unsafe food through information sharing among countries in case of food safety emergencies. It also fosters a global community of practice among food safety professionals. The INFOSAN Secretariat’s arm at FAO is located in the FAO Food Safety and Quality Unit, specifically in the Emergency Prevention System (EMPRES) – Food Safety programme.

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