FAO's role in food chain
Through the Food Chain Crisis Management Framework (FCC), FAO addresses risks to the human food chain in an integrated and multidisciplinary manner.
FAO supports member countries and institutional collaboration in the global governance of transboundary threats to the food chain at all stages from production to consumption.
Transboundary threats to production, health and environment
- Animal Health
Influenza viruses, such as A(H7N9) and H5N1, foot-and-mouth disease, Rift Valley fever, African swine fever and peste des petits ruminants continue to raise alarm because of active spread.
- Plant Protection
Locusts, armyworm, fruit flies, banana and cassava diseases and wheat and coffee rusts are among the most destructive transboundary plant pests and diseases.
- Food Safety
Incidents, such as Escherichia coli, hepatitis A contaminated green onions, semi-dried tomatoes and red berries, salmonellosis outbreak with peanuts, and melamine contamination of dairy foods, resulted in human morbidity and mortalities, trade disruptions and huge economic losses.
Coordination and intelligence
Coordination is key when addressing threats to the food chain.
FAO oversees risk analysis and intelligence, and long-term food chain threat forecasting.
FAO assesses trends and threats to the food chain and ensures information sharing.
Prevention and early warning
The FAO Emergency Prevention System (EMPRES) addresses prevention, early warning and risk assessment to inform response actions across the entire food chain – animal health, plant protection and food safety.
FAO response programmes address the immediate, medium and longer-term impacts on food security, livelihoods and human health, at global, regional and national levels.
FAO responds to food chain emergencies and implements programmes addressing emergency response preparedness to food chain crises through national capacity development.