Other documents of interest

In this page, you can find documents from FAO or our partners for additional information on GI and related topics. The views expressed in these information products are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

FAO - Paper from Regional Conference for Europe

Food Safety And Quality In Europe: Aspects Concerning In Particular Quality, Nutritional Balance, The Importance Of Agricultural Land And Cultural Heritage ("Terroirs") – FAO – 2004 See

Promotion Of Traditional Regional Agricultural Products And Food: A Further Step Towards Sustainable Rural Development – FAO – 2008 See


Legal and Institutional Aspects

International Trade rules and the agricultural sector – FAO – 2007 See

International mechanisms for the protection of local agricultural brands in central and eastern Europe. – FAO/ LEG – 2006 See

Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration – 1979 – WIPO See in EnglishSee in FrenchSee in Spanish

Geographical Indications – Document SCT/10/4 – 2003 – WIPO See in English See  in French See in Spanish

Are Geographical Indications a Valid Property Right? Global Trends and Challenges –2009 See


Terroir, Biodiversity, Knowhow and Collective action

From localized products to Geographical Indications: Awareness and action – CNRS – 2007 See in French

A number of useful documents written by  the team “Ressources des terroirs - Cultures, usages, sociétés” See in French

Le lien au terroir - 1998 See in French

Biodiversity and local ecological knowledge in France - CNRS/CIRAD /IRD – 2005 See in French
Relevance of geographical indications and designations of origin for the sustainable use of genetic resources – GFU – 2007 See 

Promoting Value Chains of Neglected and Underutilized Species for Pro-Poor Growth and Biodiversity Conservation. – GFU – 2008 See

Diversidad biocultural: un tesoro a medio explorar - Equiterra - 2010 See in Spanish
Man and nature making the relationship last. Geographical indications, a contribution to maintaining biodiversity? – Biosphere Reserves- 2008 See

Le projet PRODDIG Promotion du Développement Durable par les Indications Géographiques – INRA – 2008 See in French

Des outils en devenir ? – CNRS/UMR See in French

Biodiversity and Local Ecological Knowledge in France–2005 See

AOC  appellations d’origine contrôlée & PAYSAGES – INAO – 2006 See in French


Certification and Markets

The ISEAL 100 A Survey of Thought Leader Views on Sustainability Standards 2010 – ISEAL- 2010 See

Manual on regulations and certification for agricultural exports – FAO – 2009 See in EnglishSee in FrenchSee in Spanish

Missing the Market - How exotic foods are being barred from the EU – GFU – 2006 See

Proceedings of the roundtable on voluntary standards and schemes for specific quality products in Africa - ZATAC / FAO - 2010 See

Standards And Market Preferences Opportunities and Constraints - 2010 See

Translating terroir: the global challenge of French AOC labelling – 2003 See

Food import and export inspection and certification systems – WHO – 2007 See  

Some Factors of Success for " Origin Labelled Products " in Agri-Food Value Chains in Europe-Central Asia : Market , Internal Resources and Institutions – 2002 See document See

Fair and Sustainable Trade So many labels and guarantee systems... What should I choose for my products? - 2010 See

Protected Designation of Origin Revisited - 2010 See

The State of Sustainability Initiatives Review 2010: Sustainability and Transparency - 2010 See

The Impacts of Private Food Safety Standards on the Food Chain and on Public Standard-Setting Processes - FAO / WHO- 2009 See

The Effects of Protecting Geographical Indications Ways and Means of their Evaluation- SFIIP- 2011 See

Food supply chains dynamics and quality certification  in Europe - 2007 See



What’s Cooking in Your Food System?– 2002 See
Producers ' and Consumers ' Expectations towards Geographical Indications - Empirical Evidence for Hessian Apple Wine – 2009 See

System Dynamics and Innovation in Food Networks – 2010 See

Assuring Consumer Confidence in Ethical Trade – ETFP – 2010 See

Strategic tradeoffs for wildlife-friendly eco-labels – Ecological Society – 2010 See


Products and Case Studies

Case studies on Mountain Products – FAO- 2006 See

Payments for Ecosystem Services and Food Security. Case Studies 1, 2 and 8 – FAO – 2011 See


        Latin America and Caribbean

SinerGI Case study:  “Gaucho da Pampa meridonial meat”, Brazil – CIRAD – 2007 See

SinerGI Case study:  “Tequila” Mexico – 2008 See


Le développement des indications géographiques au sud: attentes des acteurs locaux et fonctions jouées. Etudes de cas en Indonésie et en Ethiopie -Montpellier SupAgro – 2009  See in French

Value Chains and Chains of Values : Tracing Tanzanian Tea – 2010 See

Origin based products, Africa – CIRAD/ KIT – 2006 See

A Geographical Indication for the Dogon Shallot as a Tool for Territorial Development: Strengths and Weaknesses of the Process – SupAgro/Cirad/FAO – 2011 See in French

        Europe and Caucasus

Potential development of Geographical Indications in Ukraine in Support of Rural Development: Case Studies of Yalta Red Onion and Rakhivska Bryndza - Wageningen University – 2010 See

The Bread Tree in the Land of Eagles. On the Pertinence of Institutionalising a Geographic Indication for Chestnuts of Tropojë District – Albania: An Ecological Economics Perspective. - The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (Geneva, Switzerland) – 2010 See

Project final report : Produits du terroir méditerranéen – CIHEAM – 2005. See in French

Cherry of Lari, Italy – University of Florence - 2003 See

Performances économiques, sociales et environnementales des filières fromagères AOC - CNIEL/CNAOL – 2010 See in French


Paper for seminar : Le développement des indications géographiques au sud: attentes des acteurs locaux et fonctions jouées. Etudes de cas en Indonésie et en Ethiopie - Montpellier SupAgro – 2009  See in French

Does Geographical Indication (GI) increase producer welfare? A case study of Basmati rice in Northern India – 2010- See

Advantages, Constraints and Key Success Factors in Establishing Origin- and Tradition-Linked Quality Signs: the Case of Kintamani Bali Arabica Coffee Geographical Indication, Indonesia – FAO - 2009 See

Case study: GI and AO in Vietnam – MISPA – 2006 See

Geographical indication for Tea – FAO – 2008 See


Training Reports and Material

Manual for trainers: Managing certification for agricultural exports – FAO - 2010 See

Reports, international training on GIs, CIRAD-Agridea:
2007: See  -   2008:  See See in French  -  2009:  See  – 2010: See

International Programme on Research and Training on Sustainable Management of Mountain Areas (IPROMO) "Developing economic opportunities for mountain areas"– 2009 See document