Sécurité sanitaire et qualité des aliments

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Background Human dietary exposure to chemicals can result in a wide range of adverse health effects. Some substances might cause non-communicable diseases, including cancer and coronary heart diseases, and could be nephrotoxic. Food is the main human exposure route for many chemicals. We aimed to assess human dietary exposure to a wide range of food chemicals. Methods We did a total diet study in Benin, Cameroon, Mali, and Nigeria. We assessed 4020 representative samples of foods, prepared as consumed, which covered more than 90% of the diet of 7291 households from eight study centres. By combining representative dietary surveys of countries with findings...
2020
INFOSAN Advisory Group members bring unique knowledge, skills and experiences to complement the knowledge and skills of the Secretariat to more effectively govern the Network by offering innovative advice and dynamic perspectives. The purpose of the INFOSAN Advisory Group is to support INFOSAN activities by advising on ways to strengthen the network, including: contributing to strategic planning; guiding quality improvement; advocating for the network; supporting the Secretariat for technical consultation; and resource mobilization. FAO and WHO through the FAO/WHO INFOSAN Management Group are responsible for selecting members by considering expertise related to INFOSAN activities and strategic planning ability.
2020
The purpose of this document is to serve as a functional reference guide for members of the International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN). The guide is split into two parts covering both organizational and practical information about INFOSAN and member participation. Part A of the guide provides a general overview of the INFOSAN structure, including services for INFOSAN members, and it details the Network organisation, including the roles and responsibilities of the members, the Secretariat and the Advisory Group. Part B of the guide describes operational aspects around the communication of international food safety incidents (the main function of INFOSAN)....
2020
Given the current absence of international guidance and regulations, a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Meeting on Tropane Alkaloids was convened remotely on 30 March-3 April 2020 to provide scientific advice that will allow for appropriate risk management options for products used by the World Food Programme in delivering food assistance in emergencies. Tropane alkaloids are a group of compounds occurring in several plant families of the Solanaceae genera that can contaminate staples like cereals and grains. The key discussions and outcomes of the expert meeting have been captured in this executive summary.
2020
For the first time, a multi-centre Total Diet Study was carried out in Benin, Cameroon, Mali and Nigeria. We collected and prepared as consumed 528 typical fatty foods from those areas and pooled these subsamples into 44 composites samples. These core foods were tested for a wide spectrum of POPs, including polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), brominated flame-retardants (BFRs), organochlorine compounds (OCs), perfluoro alkyl substances (PFAS) and chlorinated flame retardants (CFRs). The POPs contamination levels were similar or lower than those reported in total diet studies previously conducted worldwide. In most cases, core foods belonging to...
2020
Phytoplankton blooms, micro-algal blooms, toxic algae, red tides, or harmful algae, are all terms for naturally occurring phenomena that have occurred throughout recorded history. About 300 hundred species of micro algae are reported at times to form mass occurrence, so called blooms. Nearly one fourth of these species are known to produce toxins. Even non-toxic algal blooms can have devastating impacts when they lead to kills of fish and invertebrates by generating anoxic conditions. Some algal species, although non-toxic to humans, can produce exudates that can cause damage to the delicate gill tissues of fish (raphidophytes Chattonella, Heterosigma, and dinoflagellates...
2020
This volume of FAO JECFA Monographs contains residue evaluation of certain veterinary drugs prepared at the 88th Meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), held in Rome, 22–31 October 2019. The present meeting was the eighty-eighth in a series of similar meetings and the twenty-fourth JECFA meeting specifically convened to consider residues of veterinary drugs in food. The tasks before the Committee were to further elaborate principles for evaluating the safety of residues of veterinary drugs in food, establishing acceptable daily intakes (ADIs) and acute reference doses (ARfDs), and recommending maximum residue limits (MRLs) for such...
2020
This policy guidance note is part of a series that the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is producing to support policy makers address the food security and nutrition situation in their country. Each note provides guidance on how to sharpen the focus of sector policies in order to achieve sustainable food security and nutrition outcomes.
2020
The Second Global Meeting of INFOSAN was held from 9-11 December 2019 in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE) and attended by more than 285 participants from 135 countries. His Excellency Dr Thani Ahmed Al Zeyoudi, Minister of Climate Change and Environment, inaugurated the meeting which was organized by FAO and WHO and the Abu Dhabi Agriculture and Food Safety Authority (ADAFSA). The meeting was held at the Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre under the patronage of His Excellency Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al-Nahyan, Deputy Prime Minister of the UAE, Minister of Presidential Affairs and Chairman of ADAFSA. After nearly...
2020
This technical summary prepared by FAO and the World Health Organization (WHO) reports on the two international food safety conferences held in Addis Ababa and Geneva in February and April 2019. It recalls the key actions and strategies presented to address current and future challenges to food safety globally and the steps required to strengthen commitment at the highest political level to scale up food safety in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. At a pivotal moment focussing international attention on actions needed to bolster food safety, this publication recalls the priorities discussed so that food safety strategies and approaches can...
2020